Zigya.com: Rome: City of Seven Hills

Rome is also revered as the City of seven Hills.


It refers to the group of hills on or about which the ancient city of Rome was built. 


The original city of Romulus was built upon Palatine Hill

Zigya.com: Rome: City of Seven Hills


The Palatine Hill was said to be where Romulus founded the original city of Rome on the site of an older settlement.


During the Republican period, many aristocrats of Rome had luxurious houses here, but by the Imperial period the whole hill was given over to the lavish palace of the emperor.  The word “Palace” takes its name from this hill.  


These days, the whole hill is an archaeological site, with the ruins of many generations of Rome’s emperors on show.


Zigya.com: Rome: City of Seven Hills

The other hills are…

Capitoline

The Capitoline Hill was incredibly significant in Roman times, being home to several important buildings, notably the Temple of Jupiter Best and Greatest, the Temple of Juno and the Tabularium (archives), the foundations of which can be seen beneath the Palazzo Senatorio, which is the modern City Hall of Rome.

The hill was also the site of the infamous Tarpeian Rock, from which traitors to ancient Rome were hurled to their deaths.

The focal point of the hill today is  the mighty Vittorio Emmanuele Monument and by two imposing staircases.


Zigya.com: Rome: City of Seven Hills

Esquiline
The Esquiline hill is the area of modern Rome south of the main train station, Termini, and north of the Colosseum.  

It’s home to the incredible basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore (one of the four papal churches) as well as several smaller churches and monuments.


Aventine
Divided into the Lesser and the Greater Aventine, this was the area of Rome originally outside the sacred boundary of the city and traditionally associated with the plebs of ancient Rome. 

It’s now a leafy residential district with a commanding view of the Palatine Hill.


Quirinal
The Quirinal Hill is dominated by the Palazzo del Quirinale, one of the three official residences of the Italian President.


Caelian
The Caelian hill lies to the south of the Colosseum.

Many monuments are of prominence here, like the Basilica of St John Lateran, one of the four papal churches, and the Baths of Caracalla.


Viminal
This is the area north of the Esquiline, now identified with the sprawling Termini station.

The Baths of Diocletian situated close by, are symbolic of the vast scale of the Roman imperial bath houses.


 

 

Princy P. John

Princy P. John is a qualified Physicist, armed with a Bachelor of Science (Physics Hons.) from St. Stephens, Delhi University and a Masters in Physics. She is an integral part of the Science channel at Zigya and oversees Physics content for all classes. She taps onto the pulse of events happening globally on scientific platforms and brings value to Zigya with her knowledge, wit and resolve. Princy also provides key management updates of the editorial board and aids in the decision making process at Zigya. Follow her work at www.zigya.com

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City of Seven Hills was last modified: June 9th, 2016 by Princy P. John