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Reading Passage

Multiple Choice Questions

1.   You have two brief passages with 5 questions following each passage. Read passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
A computer virus is a type of malware that, when executed, replicated by inserting copies of itself into other computer programs, data files, or the boot sector of the hard drive. However, not all viruses carry a destructive payload or attempt to hide themselves - the defining characteristic of viruses is that they are self replicating computer programs which install themselves without the user's content. Viruses writers use social engineering and exploit detailed knowledge of security vulnerabilities to gain access to their host's computing resources. The vast majority of viruses (over 99%) target systems running Microsoft Windows employing a variety of mechanisms to infect new hosts, and often using complex anti-detection/stealth strategies to evade antivirus software. Motives for creating viruses can include seeking profit, desire to send a political message, personal amusement, to demonstrate that a vulnerability exists in software, for sabotage and denial of service, or simply because they wish to explore artificial life and evolutionary alogrithms.

What is the defining characteristic of a computer virus?


    Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to the following question out of the four alternatives.

    In ancient times, a king had a boulder placed on a roadway. Then he hid himself and watched to see if anyone would remove the huge rock. Some of the kingdom’s wealthiest merchants and courtiers came by and simply walked around it.
    Many loudly blamed the king for not keeping the roads clear, but none did anything about getting the stone out of the way. Then a peasant came along, carrying a load of vegetables. On approaching the boulder, the peasant laid down his burden and tried to move the stone to the side of the road. After much pushing and straining, he finally succeeded.
    As the peasant picked up his load of vegetables, he noticed a purse lying in the road where the boulder had been. The purse contained many gold coins and a note from the king indicating that the gold was for the person who removed the boulder from the roadway.
    The peasant learned what many others never understand: Every obstacle presents an opportunity to improve one’s condition.

    ............. attempted to remove the huge rock from the roadway.


      Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

      One November afternoon, a child came to Rhayader’s light house studio. She was about twelve, slender, dirty, nervous and timid. In her arms she carried something. She was desperately afraid of the ugly man she had come to see, but she had heard somewhere that this man would heal injured things. The man’s voice was deep and kind when he spoke to her. What is it, child? She stepped forward timidly, and in her arms was a large white bird which was quite still. There were stains of blood on its whiteness. The girl placed it in his arms. ‘I found it, Sir. It’s hurt. Is it still alive?’ ‘Yes. Yes, I think so?’ Rhayader went inside with the bird in his arms. He placed it upon a table. The girl flowered. The bird fluttered. Rhayader spread one of its large white wings. ‘Child where did you find it?’ ‘In the wash, Sir. Hunters had been there? ‘Is a snow goose from Canada. But how did it get here?” The girl’s eyes were fixed on the injured bird. She said ‘Can you heal it, Sir?’ “Yes” and Rhayader. “We will try. You can help me. She has been shot, poor thing, her leg is broken and the wing too.”

      Where did the bird come from?

        4.   A passage is given with 5 questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark corresponding to it.

        "Awareness means the capacity to see a coffeepot and hear the birds sing in one's own way, and not the way one was taught. It may be assumed on good grounds that seeing and hearing have a different quality for infants than for grown-ups and that they are more aesthetic and less intellectual in the first years of life.

        A little boy sees and hears birds with delight. Then the "good father" comes along and feels he should "share " the experience and help his son "develop". He says: "That's a jay, and this is a sparrow." The moment the little boy is concerned with which is a jay and which is a sparrow, he can no longer see the birds or hear them sing. He has to see and hear them the way his father wants him to.

        Father has good reasons on his side: since few people can afford to go through life listening to the birds sing, and the sooner the little boy starts his "education" the better. Maybe he will be an ornithologist when he grows up.

        What does an Ornithologist study?


          A passage is given with five questions following it. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives and mark corresponding to it.

          The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of the Arctic Ocean. It stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state in the United States, ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 800 miles from where it begins. It is massive in size and extremely complicated to operate. The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground. It weaves through crooked canyons, climbs sheer mountains, plunges over rocky crags, makes its way through thick forests, and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams. The pipe is 4 feet in diameter, and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily. Resting on H-shaped steel racks called "bents", long sections of the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth. Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky ground and return to the surface later on. The pattern of the pipeline's up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate, the tortuous lay of the land, and the varied compositions of soil, rock, or permafrost (permanently frozen ground). A little more than half of the pipeline is elevated above the ground. The remainder is buried anywhere from 3 to 12 feet, depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the soil. One of the largest in the world, the pipeline cost approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry. In fact, no single business could raise that much money, so 8 major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs. Each company controlled oil rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields and paid into the pipeline-construction fund according to the size of its holdings. Today, despite enormous problems of climate, supply shortage, equipment breakdowns, labour disagreements, treacherous terrain, a certain amount of mismanagement, and even theft, the Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating.

          The Alaskan pipeline ends


            In the following questions, you have six brief passages with five questions following each passage. Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

            Everyone constantly face, challenges – at home with our spouse, children and other family members, at work with our peers and bosses. Sometimes life itself becomes a challenge because it throws up so many relationship based and situational challenges.

            But the biggest challenge of them all is one’s mind. Often, it is possible to control everything else but one’s mind. being master of the world. The Bhagwad Gita says, ‘Our mind is our best friend and our worst enemy. If we know how to manage our mind, we can manage our time, our relationships, our life, everything.

            This is where spirituality comes in. It is the path to a mentally decluttered, value-based life. Spirituality teaches us to control our thoughts, emotions and desires. It is actually the science of managing one’s mind.

            Once we start to have control over our actions we may also find the law of attraction coming into play, Inexplicable events occur and we find things falling. In place for us. They seem to be co-incidence, but that’s the law of attractions working for you. You attract what you think. When you think positive, you get positive results.

            The word 'decluttered' in paragraph 3 means




              Read the following passage carefully and choose the most appropriate answer to the question out of the four alternatives.
              Riparian vegetation [the green band of vegetation along a watercourse] can help stabilize stream banks; filter sediment from surface runoff; and provide wildlife habitat, livestock forage, and scenic value. Well-developed vegetation also allows bank soils to absorb extra water during spring runoff, releasing it later during drier months, thus improving late-summer stream flows.

              In many parts of the arid West, trees and shrubs are found only in riparian areas. Woody plants are very important as winter cover for many wildlife species, including upland game birds such as pheasants and turkeys. Often this winter cover is the greatest single factor limiting game bird populations. Woody vegetation also provides hiding cover and browse for many other species of birds and mammals, both game, and nongame. Dead trees ("snags") are an integral part of streamside habitats and should be left standing whenever possible. Woodpeckers, nuthatches, brown creepers, and other birds eat the insects that decompose the wood. These insects usually pose no threat to nearby living trees. Occasionally a disease organism or misuse of pesticides will weaken or kill a stand of trees. If several trees in a small area begin to die, contact your local extension agent immediately.

              What is the overall sense conveyed by the author when the specific birds that live in riparian areas are listed in the passage?


                In the following questions, you have six brief passages with 5 questions following each passage, Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

                A morning commute seems like a good time to embark on an ambitious train of thought. At least, that was the idea from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, which put a professor on a train on Wednesday to lecture commuters. Passengers on the 9 am train from the suburban community of Modin to Tel Avie put away their morning tabloids and iPods to listen to a talk from professor Hanoch Gutfreund on ‘Einstein’s love letters’. The lecture was the first of the University’s Scientists on the Rails’ programmer – an attempt to broaden the appeal of higher education and bring academia to the people.

                Unsure how the move would be received, the train talks have been re-scheduled for just after morning rush hour and only in one carriage on the train to avoid antagonizing people. As the train chugged through tunnels and past the airport, one woman interrupted the professor with a question.

                “Will you finish your talk before we reach the station?” She wanted to know.

                “Madam, by the time you reach your station, you’ll have your BA”. came the reply from the professor.

                “The train talks have been re-scheduled for just after morning rush-hour and only in one carriage on the train to avoid antagonizing people’. The terms means


                  Read the passage carefully and choose the best answer to the question out of the four alternatives.

                  A dog is very sensitive to atmosphere. He knows when you have lost your temper almost before you do and if you want to do anything with a dog never lose your temper! Whatever you do with him, do calmly and under full control, especially when you correct him. Talking of this awareness of atmosphere, his utter loyalty can lead to great jealousy. When I married my little dog-paragon was his name-nearly wrecked the home with his jealousy. The bottom had fallen out of his life when an intruder came into the management of the house, and he would sit about with his back to us, his back a speaking picture of misery, looking blindly into space. It was years before he would condescend to recognize my wife’s existence. More dangerous is the jealousy a dog can develop towards a new baby in the family.

                  Another thing to remember is that a dog is fond of company, specially that company of his own kind. In a wild state, they habitually go about in groups, either small family groups or in packs, and you see the same instinct at work, in civilization. dogs left loose in streets and in parks will nearly always gravitate into gangs, following each other looking around for mischief, adventure like so many urchins. So it is a good thing to let your dog have plenty of friends. The lonely dog will often become a fighter.

                  The writer compares loose dogs to urchins because they


                    In the following questions, you have brief passages with 5 / 10 questions following each passage. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.

                    We all know that Eskimos have 50 different words for ‘snow’ Or is it 500? Anyway, an awful lot. It is one of those interesting little facts that says something about the amazing ingenuity of humans. Whereas we see snow, the Eskimos perceive an endlessly varying realm of white textures and possibilities. Except that is not true. Talk to the average Eskimo and you’ll find he has about the same number of words for snow as we do. I discovered this when I took a sledge-dog team through the Russian Arctic and asked the locals. And it gets worse: the Eskimo-Inuit do not live in igloos.

                    Shelters made out of snow are indeed constructed and fashioned from snowy bricks. Just as we like to imagine. Except the Eskimo-Inuit rarely lived in them for long disappointingly, the elders that I met had never heard of them. In truth, these are coastal peoples who traditionally foraged for driftwood, whalebone, stones, and turf to construct their camps, saving snow-houses for hunting excursions or migrations.

                    Chameleons also attract numerous myths. While many of them change color, this is often less to do with camouflage and more to do with their mood and temperature. A chameleon might, if too cold, turn a darker shade to absorb more heat. or it might turn a lighter color to reflect the sun and so cool down. Moreover, chameleons often change color as a signalling device some such as the panther chameleon. transform into a vivid orange to scare off predators, while others flash bright color to attract a mate. The brighter the color a mate is able to display, the more dominant. Thus the act of standing out can be more important than that of blending in.

                    A chameleon warms itself by

                      curious learner
                      Do a good deed today
                      Refer a friend to Zigya