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Conservation Of Plants And Animals

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

Answer in brief :

What are the causes and consequences of deforestation?

Causes of the deforestation are industrialization, using land for cultivation, use of wood for furniture and as a fuel. 

Deforestation has grave consequences like increased global warming, frequesncy of natural calamities like flood and drought. Loss of biodiversity and ecological imbalance is also a result of deforestation.

Migratory birds fly to far away places because of __________ changes.


A place where animals are protected in their natural habitat is called ________________.

wildlife sanctuary

Differentiate between the following :

Zoo and wildlife sanctuary.

Zoos are smaller places providing protection to animals away from their natural environment. While wildlife sanctuaries protect and conserve wild animals in their natural habitats. They are spread in vast areas.

Species found only in a particular area is known as____________.

endemic species

Differentiate between the following :

Wildlife sanctuary and biosphere reserve.

Wildlife sanctuary is a place where wild animals are protected and preserved. Here poaching or capturing any animal is strictly prohibited. It mainly provides protection to the animals. 
Biosphere reserves are the protecting areas meant for only conservation of biodiversity i.e., animals and plants and even the microorganisms. It also helps to maintain the culture of that area. It contains many wildlife sanctuaries, national parks.