“Some people think that partition of India was a very sudden.” Justify the statement. from History Class 12 CBSE Year 2015 Free Solved Previous Year Papers

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# CBSE History 2015 Exam Questions

11.

The Miraculous and the Unbelievable

Local newspapers in the United Provinces recorded many of the rumours that circulated at that time. There were rumours that every person who wanted to test the power of the Mahatma had been surprised.

1. Sikandar Sahu from a village in Basti said on 15th February that he would believe in the Mahatmaji when the karah (boiling pan) full of sugarcane juice in his karkhana (where gur was produced) split into two. Immediately the karah actually split into two from the middle.

2.  A cultivator in Azamgarh said that he would believe in the Mahatmaji’s authenticity if sesamum sprouted on his field planted with wheat. Next day all the wheat in that field became sesamum.

(17.1) Why did Gandhiji appear as saviour to the Indian peasants?

(17.2) Assess the role of local Newspapers in the spreading of rumours.

(17.3) How did the test of Sikandar Sahu prove Mahatma Gandhiji’s miraculous power ?

(17.1) Gandhiji appear as saviour to the Indian peasants because they thought that he would rescue them from high taxes and oppressive officials and restore dignity and autonomy of their lives.

(17.1) Local Newspaper recorded and circulated the rumours of Gandhi miraculous powers.

(17.3) Sikandar Sahu’s karah, full of sugar cane juice in his karkhana had split into two.

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12.

“Some people think that partition of India was a very sudden.” Justify the statement.

The reasons:

(i) There was a very short time-Just seven years between the first formal articulation of the demand for a measure of autonomy for the Muslim-majority areas of the subcontinent and Partition.

(ii) Many who migrated from their homelands in 1947 thought they would return as soon as peace prevailed again.

(iii) Initially, even Muslim leaders did not seriously raise the demand for Pakistan as a sovereign state.

(iv) No one knew what the creation of Pakistan meant, and how it might shape people’s lives in the future.

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13.

Examine the views of Mahatma Gandhi on the question of a ‘National Language’ for the country.

The views of Mahatma Gandhi on the question of a ‘National Language’:

(i) Mahatma Gandhi felt that everyone should speak in a language that common people should speak in a language that common people could easily understand.

(ii) Hindustani-a blend of Hindi and Urdu- was a popular language of a large section of the people of India.

(iii) It was a composite language enriched by the interaction of diverse cultures.

(iv) This multi-cultural language, Gandhi thought, would be the ideal language of communication between diverse communities: it could unify Hindus and Muslims, and people of the north and the south.

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14.

What measures were taken to keep the unity among the rebels during 1857? How did the British try to suppress the rebellion? Explain.

The measures taken to keep the unity among the rebels during 1857 were:

(i) Many of the proclamations were issued by Muslim princes or in their names but even these took care to adress the sentiments of Hindus.

(ii) The rebellion was seen as a war in which both Hindus and Muslims had equally to lose or gain.

(iii) The ishtahars harked back to the pre-British Hindu-Muslim past and glorified the coexistence of different communities under the Mughal Empire.

(iv) The proclamation that was issued under the name of Bahadur shah appealed to the people to join the fight under the standards of both Muhammad and Mahavir.

The British tried to suppress the rebellion by:

(i) Passing number of Acts, which not only had put the whole of North India under martial law but military officers and even ordinary Britons were given the power to try and punish Indians suspected of rebellion.

(ii) The ordinary processes of law and trial were suspended and it was put out that rebellion would have only one punishment-death.

(iii) Reinforcements were brought in from Britain and the British mounted a two-pronged attack.

(iv) The British used military on a gigantic scale. Rebel landholders were dispossessd and the loyal rewarded.

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15.

Why did Zamindars of Bengal fail to pay regular revenue to the company during 18th century ? How did this enhance the power of Jotedars? Explain.

The reasons for this failure were various:

(i) The initial demands were very high, this was because it was felt that if the demand was fixed for all time to come.

(ii) The high demand was imposed in the 1790s, a time when the prices of agricultural produce were depressed.

(iii) The revenue was invariable, regardless of the harvest, and had to be paid punctually.

(iv)The Permanent Settlement initially limited the power of Zamindar to collect rent from the ryot and manage his Zamindari.

The rise of the Jotedars:

(i) Jotedars had acquired vast ares of land-sometimes as much as several thousands acres. They controlled local trade as well as as moneylending, exercising immense power over the poorer cultivators of the region.

(ii) Unlike Zamindars, Jotedars were located in the villages and exercised direct control over a considerable section of poor villagers.

(iii) In fact, when the estates of the zamindrs were auctioned for failure to make revenue payments, jotedars were often amongst the purchasers.

(iv) They fiercely resisted efforts by zamindars to increase the jama of the village, prevented zamindari officials from executing their duties.

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16.

In Praise of Samudragupta

This is an excerpt from the Prayaga Prashasti:

He was without an antagonist on earth; he, by the overflowing of the multitude of (his) many good qualities adorned by hundreds of good actions, has wiped off the fame of other kings with the soles of (his) feet; (he is) Purusha (the Supreme Being), being the cause of the prosperity of the good and the destruction of the bad (he is) incomprehensible; (he is) one whose tender heart can be captured only by devotion and humility; (he is) possessed of compassion ; (he is) the giver of many hundredthousands of cows; (his) mind has received ceremonial initiation for the uplift of the miserable, the poor, the forlorn and the suffering; (he is) resplendent and embodied kindness to mankind; (he is) equal to (the gods) Kubera (the god of wealth), Varuna (the god of the ocean), Indra (the god of rains) and Yama (the god of death)….

(15.1) Give the meaning of Prashasti.

(15.2) ‘Samudragupta is compared to gods.’ Justify the comparison.

(15.3) Name two sources used to reconstruct the history of Gupta rulers.

(15.1)Prahasti is a composition in praise of kings in particular, and patrons in general, by poets.

(15.2) Samudragupta is compared to gods as:

(i) He was without an antagonist on earth.

(ii) He was adorned by Hundreds for multitude of overflowing good qualities.

(iii) He being the cause of the prosperity of the good and destruction of the bad.

(iv) He was resplendent and embodied kindness to mankind.

(15.3) The two sources used to reconstruct the history of Gupta rulers are (i) literature (ii) coins

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17.

The Pilgrimage of the Mughal Princess Jahanara, 1643

The following is an excerpt from Jahanara’s biography of Shaikh Muinuddin Chisti, titled Munis al Arwah (The Confident of Spirits):

After praising the one God…. this lowly faqira (humble soul) Jahanara… went from the capital Agra in the company of my great father (Emperor Shah Jahan) towards the pure region of incomparable Ajmer… I was committed to this idea, that every day in every station I would perform two cycles of optional prayer…
For several days…. I did not sleep on a leopard skin at night, I did not extent my feet in the direction of the blessed sanctuary of the revered saving master, and I did not turn my back towards him. I passed the days beneath the trees.

On Thursday, the fourth of the blessed month of Ramzan, I attained the happiness of pilgrimage to the illuminated and the perfumed tomb… With an hour of daylight remaining, I went to the holy sanctuary and rubbed my pale face with the dust of that threshold. From the doorway to the blessed tomb I went barefoot, kissing the ground. Having entered the dome, I went around the light-filled tomb of my master seven times ….Finally, with my own hand I put the finest quality of itar on the perfumed tomb of the revered one, and having taken off the rose scarf that I had on my head, I placed it on the top of the blessed tomb.

(16.1) Give the meaning of Ziyarat.

(16.2) How did Jahanara show her devotion to Shaikh Muinuddin Chisti ? Give examples.

(16.3) Why was dargah of Khwaja Muinuddin popular amongst devotees ?

(16.1) Ziyarat means Pilgrimage.

(16.2) Jahanara devotions:

(i) she did not sleep on a leopard skin at night

(ii) she did not extend her feet in the direction of the blessed sanctuary

(iii) she did not turn her back towards him

(iv) she rubbed her pale face with the dust of that holy sanctuary threshold

(16.3) It was popular because of the austerity and piety of its Shaikh, the greatness of his spiritual successors, and the patronage of royal visitors.

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18.

On the given political outline map of India locate and label the following with appropriate symbols :

(A) Azamgarh – the centre of revolt of 1857

(B) Surat – a town under British control in 1857.

On the same map three places of Mature Harappan sites are marked as 1, 2 and3. Identify them and write their names on the lines drawn near them.

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