Highlights any two cultural consequences of globalisation.
The consequences are:
(i) Globalisation simply enlarges our choices and sometimes they modify our culture without overwhelming the traditional.
(ii) It leads to each culture becoming more different and distinctive.
Define Globalisation. Explain any three causes of Globalisation.
Globalisation is a multi-dimensional concept. Globalisation as a concept fundamentally deals with flows.
The causes of Globalisation are:
(iii) Economic events
In the European Union Flag, what does the symbols of ‘twelve gold stars in a circle’ signify?
The circle of gold stars stands for solidarity and harmony between the peoples of Europe.
List any four steps suggested by the member-states of the U.N. in 2005 in order to make the United Nations more relevant.
The steps suggested were:
(i) Creation of a Peacebuilding Commission
(ii) Establishment of a Human Rights Council
(iii) Condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations
(iv) Creation of Democracy Fund
What was the ‘Operation Infinite Reach’ ordered by President Clintons?
It was a series of cruise missile strikes on Al-Qaeda terrorist targets in Sudan and Afghanistan.
What is meant by ‘Global commons’? Suggest any two steps for the protection of ‘Global commons’.
Commons are those resources which are not owned by anyone but rather shared by a community. Similarly, there are some areas or regions of the world which are located outside the sovereign jurisdiction of any one state, and therefore require common governance by the international community. These are known as Global commons. They include earth’s atmosphere Antarctica, the Ocean floor and outer space.
Two steps for the protections of ‘Global commons’ are-
(i) By achieving consensus on common environmental agendas on the basis of vague scientific evidence and time frames.
(ii) By preventing exploitative activities in outer space.
For how many years did the Civil War continue in Tajikistan? When did it come to an end?
Civil war continued for ten years in Tajikistan. It came to an end in 2001.
Explain in brief any four components of India’s security strategy.
The components of India’s security strategy:
(i) Strengthening its military capabilities because India has been involved in conflicts with its neighbours.
(ii) Strengthening international norms and international institutions to protect its interests.
(iii) The third component of Indian security is geared towards meeting security challenges within the country.
(iv) There has been an attempt in India to developed its economy in a way that the vast mass of citizens are lifted out of poverty and misery and huge economic inequalities are not allowed to exist.
What was the Anti-Arrack Movement?
A spontaneous mobilisation of women demanding a ban on the sale of alcohol.
Mention any two characteristics of the Soviet Political System.
The characteristics were-
(i) It was very bureaucratic and authoritarian.
(ii) The communist Party had tight control over all the institutions and was unaccountable to the people.