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From The Diary of Anne Frank

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First Flight

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English

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

What does the girl yearn for? What does this poem tell you about Amanda?


The girl yearns for a life full of freedom. Amanda represents many children of her age who are victims of the too much control of their parents. Such children tend to live their freedoms in their thoughts. As they are too much dominated to speak their thoughts, they resort to loneliness to stay peaceful.

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What makes writing in a diary a strange experience for Anne Frank?


As she had never written anything like this before, she doubted that nobody would be interested in her diary.
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Why does Anne provide a brief sketch of her life?


Anne provides a brief sketch of her life before as she says that none of the readers would be able to understand anything about her stories written in the diary. She does so to make a connect with the readers. 

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II. Phrasal Verbs

A phrasal verb is a verb followed by a preposition or an adverb. Its meaning is often different from the meanings of its parts. Compare the meanings of the verbs get on and run away in (a) and (b) below. You can easily guess their meanings in (a) but in (b) they have special meanings.

(a) • She got on at Agra when the bus stopped for breakfast.
      • Dev Anand ran away from home when he was a teenager.

(b) • She’s eager to get on in life. (succeed)
      • The visitors ran away with the match. (won easily)

Some phrasal verbs have three parts: a verb followed by an adverb and a preposition.

(c) Our car ran out of petrol just outside the city limits.
(d) The government wants to reach out to the people with this new campaign.

2. Now find the sentences in the lesson that have the phrasal verbs given below. Match them with their meanings. (You have already found out the meanings of some of them.) Are their meanings the same as that of their parts? (Note that two parts of a phrasal verb may occur separated in the text.)

(i) plunge in – speak or write without focus
(ii) kept back – stay indoors
(iii) move up – make (them) remain quiet
(iv) ramble on – have a good relationship with
(v) get along with – give an assignment (homework) to a person in authority (the teacher)
(vi) calm down – compensate
(vii) stay in – go straight to the topic
(viii) make up for – go to the next grade
(ix) hand in – not promoted


(i) plunge in − go straight to the topic
Since no one would understand a word of my stories to Kitty if I were to plunge right in, I’d better provide a brief sketch of my life, much as I dislike doing so.

(ii) kept back − not promoted
The reason, of course, is the forthcoming meeting in which the teachers decide who’ll move up to the next form and who’ll be kept back.

(iii) move up − go to the next grade
The reason, of course, is the forthcoming meeting in which the teachers decide who’ll move up to the next form and who’ll be kept back.

(iv) ramble on − speak or write without focus
Anyone could ramble on and leave big spaces between the words, but the trick was to come up with convincing arguments to prove the necessity of talking.

(v) get along with − have a good relationship with
I get along pretty well with all my teachers.

(vi) calm down − make (them) remain quite
Even G.’s pleading advances and my angry outbursts can’t calm them down.

(vii) stay in − stay indoors
I thought of this saying on one of those days when I was feeling a little depressed and was sitting at home with my chin in my hands, bored and listless, wondering whether to stay in or go out.

(viii) make up for − compensate
This birthday celebration in 1942 was intended to make up for the other.

(ix) hand in − give an assignment (homework) to a person in authority (the teacher)
I handed it in, and Mr Keesing had nothing to complain about for two whole lessons.
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IV. Do you know how to use a dictionary to find out the meanings of idiomatic expressions? Take, for example, the expression caught my eye in the story. Where — under which word — would you look for it in the dictionary? Look for it under the first word. But if the first word is a ‘grammatical’ word like a, the, for, etc., then take the next word. That is, look for the first ‘meaningful’ word in the expression. In our example, it is the word caught. But you won’t find caught in the dictionary, because it is the past tense of catch. You’ll find caught listed under catch. So you must look under catch for the expression caught my eye. Which other expressions with catch are listed in your dictionary? Note that a dictionary entry usually first gives the meanings of the word itself, and then gives a list of idiomatic expressions using that word. For example, study this partial entry for the noun ‘eye’ from the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 2005.

You have read the expression ‘not to lose heart’ in this text. Now find out the meanings of the following expressions using the word ‘heart’.Use each of them in a sentence of your own.

1. break somebody’s heart
2. close/dear to heart
3. from the (bottom of your) heart
4. have a heart
5. have a heart of stone
6. your heart goes out to somebody


1. Break somebody’s heart − to hurt somebody profoundly
The girl broke his boyfriend's heart when she told him she is going to marry somebody else.
2. Close/dear to heart − Things or people very special to someone
My father's every gift to me is very dear to my heart.

3. From the (bottom of your) heart − expressing deepest and sincere feelings
Parents always love their child from the bottom of their heart.
 
4. Have a heart − to be compassionate, generous and forgiving
He has a heart to forgive his friend's such an act of crime.

5. Have a heart of stone − to be cold and devoid of sentiments
The way she treats her students shows that she has a heart of stone.

6. Your heart goes out to somebody − To empathise with somebody and have sympathy for him or her.
Seeing the family lamenting the death of the daughter, the doctor's heart goes out to them. 
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 What do these statements tell you about Anne Frank as a person?

(i) We don’t seem to be able to get any closer, and that’s the problem. Maybe it’s my fault that we don’t confide in each other.

(ii) I don’t want to jot down the facts in this diary the way most people would, but I want the diary to be my friend.

(iii) Margot went to Holland in December, and I followed in February, when I was plunked down on the table as a birthday present for Margot.

(iv) If you ask me, there are so many dummies that about a quarter of the class should be kept back, but teachers are the most unpredictable creatures on earth.

(V) Anyone could ramble on and leave big spaces between the words, but the trick was to come up with convincing arguments to prove the necessity of talking.


(i) Anne wanted to get real close with somebody with whom she could share her innermost feelings and experiences. She thinks that its her fault that she couldn't connect with people. 

(ii) Anne realized that she could only confide in a diary. She found in her diary a friend whom she could trust and narrate all her stories to. Waiting for a friend, she did not want to use diary to record her feelings only. She considered diary as her friend and named her 'Kitty'.

(iii) Margot was Anne's elder sister. These lines display her humorous and fun-loving nature.

(iv) These lines show her mature thinking and her confidence in herself. She thought that a quarter of her class won't be able to make it to the next class. But, she was sure about herself. 

(v) When Anne was assigned an essay as a punishment, she showed a great interest in writing it unlike other students who are baffled at the thought of it. She knew she had to present convincing arguments to prove her point. She did not write the essay leaving big spaces between the words to make it a big one. 

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