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Biomolecules

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Biology

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Biology

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
Draw the structure of amino acid.

Amino acid are organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen. They consist of an amino group and an acidic group attached to the the same carbon called α-carbon. Thus, they are also known as α-amino acids. They are substituted methanes. Four groups occupy the four valency positions. The four groups being an amino group, a hydrogen, A carboxylic group and a variable R group. The R group could be a hydrogen(the amino acid is called glycine), a methyl group (alanine) etc. There are 20 amino acids that occur in proteins.

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Name one monosaccharide which provides energy ?

Glucose
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Give the names of two monosaccharide sugars.

Fructose and glucose are two monosaccharides
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What is the percentage of nucleic acids in cells ?

5 - 7 percent
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What are major elements of a cell ?

Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen are the major elements of a cell.
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What is the general formula of carbohydrates ?

The carbohydrate has a general formula - CnH2nOn Or (CH2O)n.
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