How are amino acids bonded together ? Describe how these bonds are formed ?
Two or more amino acids are bonded together by a peptide bond. The peptide bond is formed when carboxyl group of one amino acid condenses with the amino group of another with the elimination of one molecule of water. It is an dehydration process.
The resulting linkage is called a peptide linkage and the product is called dipeptide. The C–N bond in the peptide linkage is called a peptide bond.
What is the general formula of carbohydrates ?
The carbohydrate has a general formula - CnH2nOn Or (CH2O)n.