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Cell : The Unit of Life

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
Name the organism having the minimum number of chromosomes.

Myrmecia pilosula a variety of ants has the minimum number of chromosomes. There are 2 chromosome pairs for females, males are haploid and thus have only 1.

What is the function of contractile vacuole in amoeba?

Excretion.

Who reported that the cell had an outer layer which is known as plasma membrane today?

Theodore Schwann

Who concluded, “Cells are the ultimate units forming the structure of all plant tissues”?

Mathias Schleiden.

What are receptor molecules ?

Receptor molecules are specific proteins in the cell's plasma membrane that receive chemical signals from outside the cell. When such chemical signals bind to a receptor, they cause some form of cellular response.

State one difference between gram positive and gram negative bacteria.

Gram positive bacteria retains the gram stain whereas the Gram negative bacteria does not.

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