Diabetes : It is disease which occurs due to the elevation of blood sugar level. It is characterized by the excretion of extra sugar in urine.
It is due to the deficiency of insulin hormone. The deficiency of insulin leads to increase in the glucose level in the blood as it does not convert excess of glucose in glucogen. This raises blood-glucose level. Somatostatin inhibits secretion of insulin and glucagon.
Treatment of diabetes :
1. Minimize intake of sugar and starch products.
2. Patients should take insulin tablets/ injections.
3. Daily walking for 5-6 km is good for diabetic patients.