Abnormalities caused by the hypo or hyper secretion of hormones of adrenal cortex:
i. Disease caused due to hyposecretion of hormones
(a) Addison’s disease : It is caused due to the deficiency of mineralo-corticoids and Cortisol.
Symptoms : It is characterised by low blood sugar level and low blood pressure.
ii. Disease caused due to hypersecretion of hormones
(b) Cushing’s syndrome : It is due to the excess of Cortisol.
Symptoms : It is characterised by high blood sugar level, diabetes, weakness and restlessness.