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Digestion and Absorption

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

Give the process of digestion of fat.

Or Describe digestion of butter. (NCERT)

Butter is a type of fat . The digestion of fats takes place in the following way :

In the buccal cavity and stomach. : Fats are not digested in buccal cavity and stomach. In stomach gastric juice has very weak gastric lipase which converts some fats into fatty acids and glycerol. This reaction is, however, negligible.

Digestion in duodenum : In duodenum the food is mixed in bile and pancreatic juice.

Role of bile : Bile emulsifies the fats and increases solubility of fatty products. The bile salts helps in the absorption of fats and fat soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K). 

Pancreatic juice : Fats are broken down by lipases present in the pancreatic juice and with the help of bile into di-and monoglycerides.

begin mathsize 16px style bold Fats bold rightwards arrow with bold space bold space bold space bold Lipases bold space bold space bold space bold space bold space on top bold Diglycerides bold space bold rightwards arrow bold Monoglycerides bold. bold space end styleDigestion in Jejunum-ileum : In jejunum-ileum food is mixed with intestinal juice or succus entericus which has intestinal lipase which converts remaining fat into fatty acids and glycerol.


What is Diphyodont ?

Diphyodont is the condition of having two set of teeth during the life of an organism. For example : humans are diphyodont as they have two set of teeth namely temporary milk or deciduous teeth which are replaced by permanent or adult teeth. 


What is the function of enamel in digestion?

The enamel helps in the mastication of food.

What are Sanguivorous animals ?

The animals which suck blood e.g. leech, vampire bat, female mosquito etc.

What is the order of arrangement of teeth in each half of the upper and lower jaw ?

The order of arrangement of teeth in each half of the upper and lower jaw is I,C,PM,M.  I (incisors), C (cannine), PM (premolars), M (molars).

Name the fat soluble vitamins.

Vit A, D, E and  are fat soluble vitamins.