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Digestion and Absorption

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
What is peristalsis ? How does it help in digestion. 

Peristalsis is the travelling wave of alternate contraction and relaxation which pass from anterior end of alimentary up to posterior end of alimantary.

Peristalsis is produced by involuntary contraction of circular muscles which is preceded by a simultaneous contraction of longitudinal muscles and relaxation of circular muscles present in gut wall.

These waves of contraction and relaxation help in properly mixing up of food with digestive enzymes for proper digestion and the movement of the food thhroguh the alimentary canal.


What is the order of arrangement of teeth in each half of the upper and lower jaw ?

The order of arrangement of teeth in each half of the upper and lower jaw is I,C,PM,M.  I (incisors), C (cannine), PM (premolars), M (molars).

What are Sanguivorous animals ?

The animals which suck blood e.g. leech, vampire bat, female mosquito etc.

What is the function of enamel in digestion?

The enamel helps in the mastication of food.

Name the fat soluble vitamins.

Vit A, D, E and  are fat soluble vitamins.

What is Diphyodont ?

Diphyodont is the condition of having two set of teeth during the life of an organism. For example : humans are diphyodont as they have two set of teeth namely temporary milk or deciduous teeth which are replaced by permanent or adult teeth.