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Excretory Products and their Elimination

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Biology

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Biology

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
Discuss how kidney transplantation occurs.

Kidney transplantation is the transfer of a healthy kidney from one person into the body of a person who has little or no kidney function. A functioning kidney is used in transplantation from a donor, preferably a close relative, to minimise its chances of rejection by the immune system of the host. 

First kidney transplant was performed by a Washington Surgeon, Dr. Charles Hufnagel. In India, first transplant was performed on a 35 yrs old Shaninughan at CMC, Vellore on December 1, 1971.

 

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 What is uremia ?

Uremia is the accumulation of urea in the blood due to the malfunctioning of the kidneys. The urea accumulation is harmful and may lead to kidney failure. 

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What is glomerulonephritis ?

Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of glomeruli of the kidney. 
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What is Bowman's capsule?

The double walled cup like structure present at the starting of the renal tubule is Bowman's capsule. It encloses the glomerulus capsule. 
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What is the ultimate method for the correction of acute renal failure?

Kidney transplant.
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Name three uricotelic animals.

The uricotelic animals are
1. Birds
2. Reptiles
3. Insects

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