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Excretory Products and their Elimination

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Biology

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Biology

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
Distinguish between
Juxta medullary nephrons and cortical nephrons

Juxta Medullary Nephron

Cortical Nephrons.

Their glomeruli are present close to the inner margin of the cortex.

Their glomeruli are located in the outer cortex.

They have long loops of Henle.

Their loops of Henle are relatively short.

They are present deep in the medulla.

They extend to a short distance into the medulla.

They are associated with vasa rectae.

Vasa rectae are absent.

The juxta glomerular cells secrete renin.

Cortical glomerular cells do not secrete renin.

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 What is uremia ?

Uremia is the accumulation of urea in the blood due to the malfunctioning of the kidneys. The urea accumulation is harmful and may lead to kidney failure. 

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What is glomerulonephritis ?

Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of glomeruli of the kidney. 
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Name three uricotelic animals.

The uricotelic animals are
1. Birds
2. Reptiles
3. Insects

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What is Bowman's capsule?

The double walled cup like structure present at the starting of the renal tubule is Bowman's capsule. It encloses the glomerulus capsule. 
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What is the ultimate method for the correction of acute renal failure?

Kidney transplant.
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