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Excretory Products and their Elimination

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
Describe control of ADH on urine output.

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or vasopressin hormone : Urine output is inversely proportional to ADH. It is secreted by hypothalamus and released through posterior lobe of pituitary gland.

If there is excess of water in body then ADH is secreted in less amount so that urine output is increased and if there is less amount of water in the body then ADH is secreted more, because osmoreceptors in hypothalamus detect an increase in osmolarity of blood above a set point of 300 mosml–1, so that urine output is decreased. In this condition osmorecptor cells promote thirst. Drinking reduces osmolarity of blood. Those substances which increase urine output are called diuretics e.g. alcohol, tea, coffee and all type of non-alcoholic drinks etc. Control of ADH is a negative feed back circuit.



What is Bowman's capsule?

The double walled cup like structure present at the starting of the renal tubule is Bowman's capsule. It encloses the glomerulus capsule. 

 What is uremia ?

Uremia is the accumulation of urea in the blood due to the malfunctioning of the kidneys. The urea accumulation is harmful and may lead to kidney failure. 


Name three uricotelic animals.

The uricotelic animals are
1. Birds
2. Reptiles
3. Insects


What is glomerulonephritis ?

Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of glomeruli of the kidney. 

What is the ultimate method for the correction of acute renal failure?

Kidney transplant.