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Plant Growth and Development

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Class 10 Class 12
“Both a short day plant and a long day plant can produce flower simultaneously in a given place.” Explain.

The flowering in plants is in response to duration period of light or relative length of light. The long day plants need a longer duration of light whereas the short day plants need short duration of light.

If the long day plant and the short day plants gets the required duration of the light necessary for their flowering they may produce flower simultaneosly in a given plave. If the long day plants is planted before the short day one such that the long day plants gets a longer duration of light , both the short day plant and a long day plant can produce flower simultaneously in a given place

Who coined the term gibberellin ?

Yabuta.

Who isolated auxin and from where ?

Auxin was isolated by F.W. Went from tips of coleoptiles of oat seedling.

Give the types of auxins.

Auxins are of two types :

(1) Natural auxins : These are naturally occuring auxins, isolated from plants and are regarded as phytohormones e.g. IAA. NAA etc.

(2) Synthetic auxins : These are synthesized by artificially e.g. IBA 2,4-D etc.

What is C/N ratio ?

C/N ratio is the ratio of carbohydrates and nitrogenous compounds which regulate the growth in plants.

Term kinetinwas coined by whom ?

Skoog and Miller.

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