﻿ Assuming the sun to have a spherical outer surface of radius r, radiating like a black body at a temperature  to C, the power received by a unit surface (normal to the incident rays) at a distance R from the centre of the sun is : from Physics Gravitation Class 11 Manipur Board

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Assuming the sun to have a spherical outer surface of radius r, radiating like a black body at a temperature  to C, the power received by a unit surface (normal to the incident rays) at a distance R from the centre of the sun is :

D.

From Stefan's law, the rate at which energy is radiated by sun at its surface si

P = σ x 4 πr2T4

[Sun is a perfectly black body as it emits radiations of all wavelengths and so for it e =1]
The intensity of this power at earth's surface (under the assumption R >>ro) is

From Stefan's law, the rate at which energy is radiated by sun at its surface si

P = σ x 4 πr2T4

[Sun is a perfectly black body as it emits radiations of all wavelengths and so for it e =1]
The intensity of this power at earth's surface (under the assumption R >>ro) is

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The position co-ordinates of two particles of masses m1 and m2are (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2) respectively. Find the coordinates of the centre of mass.

The position vectors of masses m1 and m2 are respectively,

Let the position coordinates of the centre of mass be (X, Y, Z).

Therefore the position vector of centre of mass is,

Since,

Comparing the coefficients of  , we get

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Is Geodesic always a straight line?

No, Geodesic is a straight line if and only if,  the two points lie on the flat surface. If the two points lie on the curved surface then it is a curved line.
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What is Heliocentric theory?

According to the Heliocentric theory, the sun is at the centre and various planets revolve around the sun at their axis.
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What is the celestial sphere?

At night, if we see the planets and the stars in the sky, all appear to lie in the hemisphere (rest of the hemisphere we are unable to see because of being on the other side of the earth). This sphere is called the celestial sphere.
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What is Geocentric theory?

According to the geocentric theory, all the astronomical bodies like the moon, the sun and stars revolve around the earth, and the earth is at the centre of the universe.
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