﻿ A stone of mass m tied to the end of a string revolves in a vertical circle of radius R. The net forces at the lowest and highest points of the circle directed vertically downwards are: [Choose the correct alternative]   Lowest Point Highest Point a mg – T1 mg + T2 b mg + T1 mg – T2 c mg + T1 – (mv12) / R mg – T2 + (mv12) / R d mg – T1 – (mv12) / R mg + T2 + (mv12) / R T1 and V1 denote the tension and speed at the lowest point. T2 and v2 denote corresponding values at the highest point. from Physics Laws of Motion Class 11 Manipur Board

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A stone of mass tied to the end of a string revolves in a vertical circle of radius R. The net forces at the lowest and highest points of the circle directed vertically downwards are: [Choose the correct alternative]
 Lowest Point Highest Point a mg – T1 mg + T2 b mg + T1 mg – T2 c mg + T1 – (mv12) / R mg – T2 + (mv12) / R d mg – T1 – (mv12) / R mg + T2 + (mv12) / R

T1 and V1 denote the tension and speed at the lowest point.
T2 and v2 denote corresponding values at the highest point.

The free body diagram of the stone at the lowest point is shown in the figure below:

According to Newton’s second law of motion, the net force acting on the stone at this point is equal to the centripetal force.

i.e.,  Fnet = T - mg =                     ...(i)
where,

v1 is the velocity at the lowest point.

The free body diagram of the stone at the highest point is shown in the following figure.

Using Newton’s second law of motion,

T + mg =                        ...(ii)

where, v2 is the velocity at the highest point.

From equations (i) and (ii),

Net force acting at the lowest = (T - mg)

Net force at the highest points =
(T + mg)

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