A car moving along a straight highway with speed of 126 km h–1 is brought to a stop within a distance of 200 m. What is the retardation of the car (assumed uniform), and how long does it take for the car to stop.
What is motion?
When an object changes it's position with time, with respect to it's surroundings, the object is said to be in motion.
What is the most essential thing to study the motion of a body?
The most essential thing to study the motion is reference frame. Rest and motion are relative terms. It means that an object in one situation can be in rest but in another situation, the same object will be in motion.