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System of Particles and Rotational Motion

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Physics Part I

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Physics

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

The instantaneous angular position of a point on a rotation wheel is given by the equation 
Q(t)  = 2t3 - 6t2

The torque on the wheel becomes zero at

  • t = 0.5 s 

  • t = 0.25 s

  • t = 2s

  • t = 1s


D.

t = 1s

According space to space question comma space torque times
straight tau space equals space 0
space it space means space that comma space straight alpha space equals space fraction numerator straight d squared straight theta over denominator dt squared end fraction
Given space straight theta left parenthesis straight t right parenthesis space equals space 2 straight t cubed space minus space 6 straight t squared

so space dθ over dt space equals space 6 straight t squared space minus space 12 straight t

fraction numerator straight d squared straight theta over denominator dt squared space end fraction space equals space 12 straight t minus 12
open parentheses therefore space straight alpha space equals space fraction numerator straight d squared straight theta over denominator dt squared end fraction space equals space 0 close parentheses

12 straight t minus 12 space equals space 0
straight t space equals 1 straight s
According space to space question comma space torque times
straight tau space equals space 0
space it space means space that comma space straight alpha space equals space fraction numerator straight d squared straight theta over denominator dt squared end fraction
Given space straight theta left parenthesis straight t right parenthesis space equals space 2 straight t cubed space minus space 6 straight t squared

so space dθ over dt space equals space 6 straight t squared space minus space 12 straight t

fraction numerator straight d squared straight theta over denominator dt squared space end fraction space equals space 12 straight t minus 12
open parentheses therefore space straight alpha space equals space fraction numerator straight d squared straight theta over denominator dt squared end fraction space equals space 0 close parentheses

12 straight t minus 12 space equals space 0
straight t space equals 1 straight s
873 Views

Is it necessary for centre of mass to lie within the body?

No, centre of mass needs not to lie within the body. It is not necessary that the total mass of the system be actually present at the centre.

The position of the centre of mass is calculated using the usual Newtonian type of equations of motion. 
943 Views

Is it necessary that there should be matter at the centre of mass of system?

No, it is not necessary that there be matter at the centre of mass of the system.

For e.g., if two equal point masses are separated by certain distance, the centre of mass lies at the mid point of two point masses and there is no mass at that point.
730 Views

Define centre of mass.

Centre of mass of a body or a system of bodies is a point at which the entire mass of the body or system is supposed to be concentrated. 
1449 Views

What is the significance of defining the center of mass of a system?

The motion of n particle system can be reduced to one particle motion.

An equivalent single point object would enable us to discuss the overall motion of the system. 
794 Views

What is the need of centre of mass?

Newton’s second law of motion is strictly applicable to point masses only. To apply the Newton's law of motion to rigid bodies, the concept of centre of mass is introduced.

The concept of centre of mass of a system enables us to discuss overall motion of the system by replacing the system by an equivalent single point object. 
911 Views

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