A physical quantity P is related to four observables a, b, c and d as follows : The percentage errors of measurement in a, b, c and d are 1%, 3%, 4% and 2%, respectively. What is the percentage error in the quantity P ? If the value ofP calculated using the above relation turns out to be 3.763, to what value should you round off the result?
What is the need of measurement?
To get the complete knowledge of any physical quantity, measurement is needed. Measurement of any physical quantity involves comparison with a certain basic, arbitrarily chosen, internationally accepted reference standard called unit. Knowledge without measurement is incomplete and unsatisfactory.