﻿ Explain this common observation clearly : If you look out of the window of a fast moving train, the nearby trees, houses etc. seem to move rapidly in a direction opposite to the train’s motion, but the distant objects (hill tops, the Moon, the stars etc.) seem to be stationary. (In fact, since you are aware that you are moving, these distant objects seem to move with you). from Physics Units and Measurement Class 11 Manipur Board

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Explain this common observation clearly : If you look out of the window of a fast moving train, the nearby trees, houses etc. seem to move rapidly in a direction opposite to the train’s motion, but the distant objects (hill tops, the Moon, the stars etc.) seem to be stationary. (In fact, since you are aware that you are moving, these distant objects seem to move with you).

Line of sight is defined as an imaginary line joining an object and an observer's eye. When we observe nearby stationary objects such as trees, houses, etc. while sitting in a moving train, they appear to move rapidly in the opposite direction because the line of sight changes very rapidly.

On the other hand, distant objects such as trees, stars, etc. appear stationary because of the large distance.

As a result, the line of sight does not change its direction rapidly.
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What is measurement?

Measurement is the process of attaching a numeric value to an aspect of a natural phenomenon. Measurement is making the quantitative knowledge of a physical quantity.
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Define unit.

The quantity used as a standard of measurement is called unit.

Example: Unit of time is second.

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Define physical quantity.

A measurable quantity in terms of which laws of Physics can be expressed is called physical quantity.

The result of a measurement of a physical quantity is expressed by a number accompanied by a unit.

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What is the need of measurement?

To get the complete knowledge of any physical quantity, measurement is needed. Measurement of any physical quantity involves comparison with a certain basic, arbitrarily chosen, internationally accepted reference standard called unit. Knowledge without measurement is incomplete and unsatisfactory.
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Give four examples of physical quantities.

Examples of Physical quantitie are force, mass, density and power.
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