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Mechanical Properties of Fluids

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Class 10 Class 12
Given, n identical drops (each of radius r) of liquid of surface tension T and density ρ coalesce to form single drop. The energy released in the processes is converted into heat. Find the increase in the temperature of drop.

Given that 'n' drops coalesce to form a single drop.

During the process, energy is released which is converted into heat.

Energy released is given by,

This energy is converted to heat.

Therefore,

where,  θ is the increase in temperature drop.

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What is hydrostatics?

Hydrostatics is the branch of fluid mechanics that studies incompressible fluids at rest. The study of fluids at rest or objects placed at rest in fluids is hydrostatics.
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Why solids have definite shape while liquids do not have definite shape?

Solids: Intermolecular forces are very strong and thermal agitations are not sufficiently strong to separate the molecules from their mean position. Solids are rigid and hence they have definite shapes.
Liquids: In liquids intermolecular forces are not sufficiently strong to hold the molecules at definite sites, as a result they move freely within the bulk of liquid, therefore, do not possess definite shapes. Liquids take the same shape as that of the container.
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What is hydrodynamics?

Hydrodynamics is the branch of science that studies about the force exerted by the fluids or acting on the fluids.
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Do intermolecular or inter-atomic forces follow inverse square law?

No. Intermolecular and inter-atomic forces do not obey the inverse square law.
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What is fluid?

Any material that can flow is a fluid. Liquids and gases are examples of fluid.

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