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India – Location

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India Physical Environment

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Geography

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Class 10 Class 12
What is the length of land boundary and length of the coastline of India?

Land boundary is 15,200 km. and total length of coast line is 7,516 km.
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Make out correct pairs ;
A. The land in which the sacred Kailash-Mansarover are located. (i) Tarim Basin
B. The region where the ancient civilisation of Kashgar and Khotan flourished. (ii) Tibet
C. The roof of the world. (iii) Pamir
D. A place where three seas meet. (iv) Rann of Kutch
E. The salty marshes in the westernmost part of India. (v) Pygmallian point
F. The southernmost tip of the country. (vi) Kanyakumari
G. The highest mountain peak of Himalayas in India. (vii) K2
H. The second highest mountain peak of the world. (viii) Kanchenjunga.

A.

The land in which the sacred Kailash-Mansarover are located.

(i)

Tibet

B.

The region where the ancient civilisation of Kashgar and Khotan flourished.

(ii)

Tarim Basin

C.

The roof of the world.

(iii)

Pamir

D.

A place where three seas meet.

(iv)

Kanyakumari

E.

The salty marshes in the westernmost part of India.

(v)

Rann of Kutch

F.

The southernmost tip of the country.

(vi)

Pygmallian point

G.

The highest mountain peak of Himalayas in India.

(vii)

Kanchenjunga.

H.

The second highest mountain peak of the world.

(viii)

K2
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What is a sub-continent?

A sub-continent is a big geographical unit which stands out distinctly from the rest of the continent.
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 Why is Indian sub-continent considered a distinct geographical unit ? Give three reasons in support of your answer.

 Indian sub-continent is considered a distinct geographical unit because of the following facts :

1. It is separated from the rest of the continent of Asia by Hindukush in the North-West and the Himalayan ranges in the North. It is isolated by the Indian Ocean on the southern side from rest of the world.

2. It has a distinct type of climate–the monsoon type of climate which is not found beyond the Himalayas.

3. Its cultural ethos is quite unique which is full of diversities with an undercurrent of unity.

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 How does longitudinal extent of India affect it ? Explain with three examples.

 India lies between 68.7'°E. longitude and 97.25°E longitude. The east-west extent of India is 30° longitude or about 3000 kilometres. This large extent from west to east influences people of India in many ways.

1. There is a difference of about two hours in local time of Arunachal Pradesh which is located in the east and that of Kathiawar which is located in the westernmost part of India.

2. When it is sunrise in Arunachal Pradesh, it is still night in Kathiawar.

3. It will take days for traveller, travelling by bus and train, from Arunachal Pradesh to Kathiawar in Gujarat.

4. There is a difference in race groups of people of east and west of India. They differ in their languages and cultures.

5. There is a lot of difference as regards the climate and vegetation when we travel from east to west.

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 Read the list of beaches and states and mark the correct matching :
Beaches States
A. Juhu beach (i)  Goa
B. Kovalam beach (ii) Kerala
C. Dona Paola beach (iii) Tamil Nadu
D. Marina beach (iv) Maharashtra 

A.

Juhu beach

(i)

Maharashtra 

B.

Kovalam beach

(ii)

Kerala

C.

Dona Paola beach

(iii)

 Goa

D.

Marina beach

(iv)

Tamil Nadu
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