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Rights in the Indian Constitution

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Indian Constitution at Work

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Political Science

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Class 10 Class 12
Point out any two importance of the Fundamental Rights for the citizens.

1. The Fundamental Rights ensure all such freedoms to an individual which makes her/his life happy and worth living.

2. They provide equal status and opportunity to every citizen and save them from any sort of exploitation on the part of the state or any individual.
266 Views

Read the statement by Somnath Lahiri in the Constituent Assembly quoted in this chapter. Do you agree with him? If yes, give instances to prove it. If not, give arguments against this position.

 


Somnath Lahiri's statement in the Constituent Assembly "I feel that many of these fundamental rights have been framed from the point of view of a police constable....you will find that very minimum rights have been conceded and are almost invariably followed by a provision which takes away the right almost completely.

What should be our conception of fundamental rights?.....we want to incorporate every one of these rights which our people want to get".

Yes, I completely agree with Somnath Lahiri's views. A police constable keeps vigil on the unlawful activities and helps in maintaining law and order in the society. Most of the fundamental risks have been framed in this framework. There would be violation and then remedial order by the courts. These rights do not include more substantive rights like the Right to adequate livelihood, equal pay for equal work (for men andwomen), Right against economic exploitation, Right to work (only partly made justiciable) etc. Hence a very few of the rights have been conceded idealy every one of those rights which our people want should be incorporated.

512 Views

Which of the following is the best description of Fundamental Rights?
  •  All the rights an individual should have.
  • All the rights given to citizens by law.
  •  The rights given and protected by theConstitution.
  • The rights given by the Constitution thatcannot ever be restricted.

C.

 The rights given and protected by theConstitution.
135 Views

Several reports show that caste groups previously associated with scavenging are forced to continue in this job. Those in positions of authority refuse to give them any other job. Their children are discouraged from pursuing education. Which of their Fundamental Rights are being violated in this instance?

In this instance the followingFundamental Rights are violated:

1. Right to Freedom: Personal freedoms were violated when they were forced to continue in their job and were refused to the other jobs. Thus freedom of profession was violated.

2. Cultural and Educational Rights: When the children are discouraged from pursuing education, the cultural and educational rights are violated. Every child has the right to get admission to any government or government aided educational institution.

3. In the above instance Right to equalityis also violated: According to this right, all the citizens of the country are equal in the eyes of the law. Everyone has the equality of opportunity in employment. The untouchability has been abolished.

Tips: -

Imp.

343 Views

(a) Only children belonging to the minority group that has opened educational institution can study there.
(b) Government schools must ensure that children of the minority groups will be introduced to their belief and culture.
(c) Linguistic and religious minorities can open schools for their children and keep it reserved for them.
(d) Linguistic and religious minorities can demand that their children must not study in any educational institution except those managed by their own community.


(c) is the correct interpretation of the Cultural and Educational Rights. Art. 29 (i) provides that any section of the citizens residing in the territory of India or any part there of having a distinct language, script or culture of its own shall have the right to conserve the same. The article also protects the interest of minorities in India. According to Art. 29 (ii) no citizen of India shall be denied admission into any government institution or government aided institution. Art.30 provides that all minorities whether based on religion or language shall have the right to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice. The State shall not grant aid to these institutions, which discriminate against any educational institutes.

So linguistic and religious minorities can open schools for their children and keep it reserved for them. It is a correct interpretation.

192 Views

(a) Overweight male cabin crew are allowed to get promotion in the national airlines but their women colleagues who gain weight are penalised.
(b) A director make's documentary film that criticises the policies of the government.
(c) People displaced by a big dam take out rally demanding rehabilitaiton.
(d) Andhra Society runs Telugu mediumschools outside Andhra Pradesh.


(a) Overweight male cabin crew are allowed to get promotion in the national airlines but their women colleagues who gain weight are penalized. In this situation the right to equality is violated. As in the Right to Equality. It is mentioned that all the citizens are considered equal in all aspects of life. Nobody should be discriminated against on the basis of sex, caste,creed and colour, etc.

(b) A director makes a documentary film that criticises the policies of the government. In this situation the freedom of expression is being used.

(c) People displaced by a big dam take outrally demanding rehabilitation. Though in our constitution the right to reside and settle in anypart of India is given to the citizens in Right to Freedom. People have to right to take out rally. But the government can maintain law and order, impose some restrictions on such rally. Inthis case central and educational rights are being violated.

(d) All linguistic minorities can set up their own educational institutions to preserve and develop their own culture. Thus the Andhra Society has every right to run Telugu medium schools outside Andhra Pradesh.

186 Views