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Natural Vegetation

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India Physical Environment

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Geography

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
Write the characteristics of dry deciduous forest present in India.

Followings are the characteristics of dry deciduous forest:

(i)Dry deciduous forest covers vast areas of the country, where rainfall ranges between 70 -100 cm. On the wetter margins, it has a transition to the moist deciduous, while on the drier margins to thorn forests.

(ii)These forests are found in rainier areas of the Peninsula and the plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

(iii)In the higher rainfall regions of the Peninsular plateau and the northern Indian plain, these forests have a parkland landscape with open stretches in which teak and other trees interspersed with patches of grass are common.

(iv)As the dry season begins, the trees shed their leaves completely and the forest appears like a vast grassland with naked trees all around.

(v)Tendu, palas, amaltas, bel, khair, axlewood, etc. are the common trees of these forests. In the western and southern part of Rajasthan, vegetation cover is very scanty due to low rainfall and overgrazing.
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 What is virgin vegetation ?

Natural vegetation grown without human aid or interference or disturbance.
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What is a National park?

A National park is an area which is strictly reserved for the protection of the wildlife and where activities such as forestry, grazing or cultivation are not allowed. 

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What is flora ? 

It refers to natural vegetation growing in a particular area.

 
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Define natural vegetation.

Natural vegetation refers to a plant community that has been left undisturbed over a long time, so as to allow its individual species to adjust themselves to climate and soil conditions as fully as possible.
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What is fauna ?

 It refers to wildlife living in a particular area.
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