Write the characteristics of dry deciduous forest present in India.
Followings are the characteristics of dry deciduous forest:
(i)Dry deciduous forest covers vast areas of the country, where rainfall ranges between 70 -100 cm. On the wetter margins, it has a transition to the moist deciduous, while on the drier margins to thorn forests.
(ii)These forests are found in rainier areas of the Peninsula and the plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
(iii)In the higher rainfall regions of the Peninsular plateau and the northern Indian plain, these forests have a parkland landscape with open stretches in which teak and other trees interspersed with patches of grass are common.
(iv)As the dry season begins, the trees shed their leaves completely and the forest appears like a vast grassland with naked trees all around.
(v)Tendu, palas, amaltas, bel, khair, axlewood, etc. are the common trees of these forests. In the western and southern part of Rajasthan, vegetation cover is very scanty due to low rainfall and overgrazing.