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Application of Elements of Art and Principles for Design in Designing Apparel

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

You have designed a skirt top with the scarf for an adolescent girl. What two features would you consider while selecting its fabric? Suggest four ways each you can ensure emphasis and satisfactory the workmanship in this dress.


Features of fabric

  1. fabric should be according to the latest fashion.
  2. Neutral colour skirt so that she can mix and match.
  3. Fabric should be according to her choice.

To ensure emphasis

  1. The contrasting coloured belt on waist, contrasting coloured scarf.
  2. Embroidery around the waist, neckline, and sleeves.
  3. Applique work on the waist to attract attention.
  4. Unusual buttons on shirt/ unique design on the skirt.

Good workmanship

  1. Allowance at hem and seams.
  2. Stitched with matching colour thread.
  3. Thread used is strong Reinforced at underarms.
  4. Seams interlocked.
  5. Enough fasteners on plackets of shirt/skirt.

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Usha wants to design a sari and a blouse for working women. Explain how she can use all the principles of design in designing this dress. Use illustrations wherever needed.


Five Principles of design"
Balance: Balance is the equal distribution of weights. Symmetry between the left and right halves of the body garment is termed as the symmetrical balance. The purpose of balance is to bring a satisfying relationship between all the designs.

Proportion: The relative length of two parts of a garment is termed as a proportion. The degree and method of subordinating some part of the design to other are shown as a proportion.

Rhythm: Rhythm is the repeated use of lines or shapes to create a pattern Rhythm is achieved through:
Symmetrical design
Radiation
Repetition
Gradation

Emphasis: Emphasis creates a centre of interest by focusing the viewer's attention on a specific area of the garment. It is basically the use of subordination in various parts in order to emphasize and highlight certain parts.

Harmony: Harmony should be achieved through the ideal use of colour, lines shape and texture to give a feeling of oneness. Harmony means the relationship of different portions of a dress.

Workmanship has done:

  1. The measurement required is neckline and sleeve length.
  2. The hem of the blouse is stiffened to enable the garment to fall from shoulder.
  3. Piping finish is popular for blouses.
  4. Fine hook and eyes for blouses.
  5. Cap sleeves, Raglan sleeves can be designed for blouseSari material would be comfortable to that easy to carry.
  6. On both sides, the rolled hem should be done.
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Mahima plays basketball. Elaborate four important features she checks while selecting the fabric for her sports dress? Also, state six instructions she should give to the tailor for satisfactory workmanship for this dress?


Fabric should be-

  1. The fabric of the dress should be stretchable.
  2. It should absorb perspiration easily and air permeable.
  3. It should be of good conductivity
  4. Strong, durable and easy to maintain.

Workmanship:

  1. It should be stitched with matching, contrasting and strong thread.
  2. Pockets should be deep and reinforced.
  3. Print of different parts should be aligned.
  4. Waist bends should have enough loops for belt.
  5. Stress areas should be reinforced with double thread so that it does not get trimmed easily.
  6. Plackets should be stitched well.

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You Want to buy a dress for your farewell party. What will be the major aspects to be checked before buying it. Explain those by giving an appropriate reason.


Fitting:

  1. Fitting of the dress should be according to the figure. It should neither be too tight or too loose and as well as according to the like to be wearer.
  2. It should be of the latest design, one should not feel outdated in the dress.
  3. Comfortable to the wearer.
  4. Fabric should be fo good quality so that it lasts longer, durable and has grace whenever one wears it.

Workmanship qualities:

  1. Cutting: Should be according to direction i.e length from wrap and breadth from weft.
  2. Stitching: Should be with strong thread and of same colour and fabric.
  3. Accessories: Laces and buttons etc. should match the fabric and give grace to the dress.
  4. Pleats should be of even width and equal.
  5. Lining if the lining is used, it should be compatible with the fabric and should not shrink, it should not leave colour on the dress.

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Usha wants to design a salwar kameez for school children. Draw and explain how she can use all the five principles of design in this dress.


Balance: Balance is the equal distribution of weights. (Actual or virtual) symmetry between the left and right halves of the body garment is termed as the symmetrical balance. The purpose of balance is to bring a satisfying relationship between all the designs.

Proportion: The relative length of two parts of a garment is termed as a proportion. The degree and method of subordinating some part of a design to other are shown as a proportion.

Harmony:

  • Salwar and dupatta having matching colour, texture and print as on kameez.
  • Repetition of border and piping on salwar and kameez.

Workmanship is done:

  • Kurta size would be comfortable.
  • The measurements required are chest/bust, length of kurta and sleeve length.
  • The hem of the salwar is stiffened to enable the garment to fall and drape well.
  • The salwar measurement can be done one and half time of hips as body changes due to quick development.

Emphasis:

  • Logo on the pocket
  • Embroidery on the neckline
  • Contrast colour/ piping / pocket etc.
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