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Planning in Sports

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Physical Education

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Physical Education

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

What do you mean by planning or explain the meaning of planning.


Planning is the primary function of management. It is essential because planning sets the basis for organizational structure and evaluation. It is important to establish a sound planning foundation. Such an approach depends on the organization’s view of sports and its role in the community. This view or philosophy can often be ascertained by examining the overall goals and purposes of the organization.


Draw the fixture for 24 team on the basis knockout tournament.


Total no matches = Total no of team -1 = 24 -1 = 23

Total no. round = 2*2*2*2*2

i.e. Digit 2 report 5 times = 5 rounds

So total no round = 5 round

Total team in upper half = Total no of teams

= 24/2 = 12 teams

Total team in lower half = Total no of teams

= 24/2 = 12 teams

As the total no of teams are more then 16 so we have to divide teams
also in quarter.

Teams in each quarter : 4 ] 24 [ 6 (Q=6) =24
R=0


Total No bye= next power of two-total no of team

= 32-24 = 08 byes

Bye in upper half = 8/2 = 4

Bye in lower half = 8/2 = 4


Enlist the committees for organizing sports events and explain any eight communities in detail.


list of committees for organizing sports events:
1. Committee for publicity.
2. Transport committee.
3. Boarding and loading committee.
4. Decoration and ceremony.
5. Refreshment and Entertainment committee.
6. Reception committee.
7. Ground and Equipment committee.
8. Announcement committee.
9. Committee for Officials

  1. Transport committee: this committee is responsible for providing the facilities regarding the transportation of various teams to the venue of sports events or the place of boarding and lodging as the case of maybe. Its main duty is to make necessary arrangements for transportation.
  2. Boarding and lodging committee: Boarding lodging committee is responsible for making necessary arrangement for providing accommodation and serving meals to the sportspersons and officials.
  3. Decoration and ceremony committee: decoration and ceremony committee is
    responsible for the decoration of the sports area of the stadium. It is also responsible to make the necessary arrangements for the opening ceremony, victory ceremony and closing ceremony of the games/sports meet. This committee also makes arrangements for trophies, medals and certificates.
  4. Ground and equipment committee: this committee is responsible for making the grounds or laying out the track and field. This committee also makes necessary arrangements of equipment related to the games/athletic meet. This committee is also responsible for providing the equipment according to specifications.
  5. Refreshment and Entertainment committee: this committee takes the charge of supplying refreshments and drinks to the guests, officials and competitors etc. it also makes some arrangement for entertainment programmes at the opening ceremony and closing ceremony of sports events.
  6. Reception committee: The members of this committee are responsible to welcome the chief guests at the opening and closing ceremonies. It is also the duty of this committee welcome the other guests and spectators.
  7. Committee for Officials: the committee selects various officials such as referees, judges, recorders, clerks of the course, starters, marshals, track umpires, timekeepers and lap scorers for athletic meet and referee, umpires, timekeepers, recorders, and judges, etc. in case of games as per requirement.
  8. Announcement committee: this committee is solely responsible for making various announcements during the sports meet or games. This committee announces regarding opening and closing ceremonies, which and when an event is going to take place, the name of officials, who are conducting the event and the running commentary of games/sports event.


What do you mean by specific sports programmes? Explain about health runs and runs for unity in detail.


Specific sports programmes are such programmes of sports which are not usually related to competitions. These sports programmes have different objective such as creating awareness among people regarding unity, health and diseases like AIDS, swine flu, etc. and raising funds for charitable institutions or organizations. These sports programmes are described below:

Health Run: Health runs are organized by the health department or sports department. usually, their purpose is to ameliorate the standard of health in a country along with the raising of funds for charity. There is no age limit in health runs and the distance cource of running is also fixed up. Before going into health runs, everyone should take a note of the following suggestions to make the running experience safe and effective:

  1. Avoid tension. Make sure that your arms, shoulder, neck and finger are relaxed. Hands should be unclenched.
  2. Your breathing should be rhythmic and deep.
  3. Don‟t bend your body from hip level.
  4. Run softly and your strides should be normal.
  5. Your both arms should swing equally.

Run for unity: such a run is organized with a specific purpose, i.e., to show unity and peace among the people of different religion. Its purpose may be national and international integration and brotherhood. In some countries run for unity is organized to celebrate their independence. It may be in the from of relay, they feel united. A lot of people participate in this race from the corporate world, film stars and marathon runners from other countries. The cash prize is given to the first three position holders. Such runs promote harmony, peace and solidarity among people of different religions. It brings a sense of togetherness among people.


Discuss the objectives of planning in sports.


There are various objectives of planning which are stated below:

1) To enhance the sports performance: It is also one of the significant objectives to enhance the sports performance of athletes or players. Without proper planning, it is impossible to improve the performance of sportspersons. In fact, training in sports is useless if it is not well planned.

2) To keep good control over all the activities: to keep a good control over all the activities is another objective of planning. Planning and control are connected with each other. Planning helps in keeping a good control in organizing a tournament.

3) To facilitate proper coordination: this objective of planning is related to facilitate proper coordination among the various member of committees, formed for organizing the competition smoothly. A proper planning helps in making the proper coordination.

4) To reduce the chances of mistakes: To reduce the chances of mistakes is also a significant objective of planning. A proper plan reduces the chances of mistakes and oversights. If there are a number of mistakes in organizing an event, it will not leave a good impression on the participants.

5) To increase the efficiency: to increase the efficiency of sports officials in conducting sports events/competitions is one of the main objectives of planning. It is the important purpose of planning to increase the capability and efficiency of officials.


Make the fixture for 13 teams on the basis of knock out.


Total no. of matches:-

Total no teams -1 13-1=12 matches

Total no of round = 2*2*2*2

Digit 2 repeats four times so no of round = 4 rounds

Total no bye:- next power of 2- total no. of team 16-13 =03

Number of team is upper half  = Total number of team + 12 =13+12  = 07 TeamNumber of team is lower half  = Total number of team - 12 =13-12  = 06 Team