C.The Naxalite Movement.
(i) The Janata Party government was not cohesive. There was power struggle within the party.
(ii) The Janata Party lacked direction, leadership and a common programme.
(iii) The Janata government could not bring about a fundamental change in policies from those were pursued by the Congress.
(iv)The Janata Party got split and the goverment led by Moraji Desai lost its mojority in less than 18 months and another goverment was formed by Charan Singh with Congress support but later Congress had withdrawn its support.
|A. Total Revolution||(i) Indira Gandhi|
|B. Garibi Hatao||(ii) Jayaprakash Narayan|
|C. Students’ Protest||(iii) Bihar Movement|
|D. Railway Strike||(iv) George Fernandes|
A.It was declared in 1975 by Indira Gandhi.
B.It led to the suspension of all fundamental rights.
C.It was proclaimed due to the deteriorating economic conditions.
D.Many Opposition leaders were arrested during the emergency.
E.CPI supported the proclamation of the Emergency.
(i) In all 676 opposition leaders were arrested. Nearly one lakh eleven thousand people were arrested under preventive detention laws.
(ii) Severe restrictions were put on the press, sometimes without legal sanctions.
(iv) The General manager of the Delhi Power Supply Corporation received verbal orders from the office of Lt. Governor of Delhi to cut electricity to all newspaper presses at 2 a.m. on 26 June, 1975. Electricity was restored two to three days later the censorship apparatus had had been set up.
(v)Torture and custodial deaths occurred during the emergency.
(vi) Over-enthusiasm about population control led to cases of compulsory sterilisation.
(vii) Governmental power was exercised by those who held no official position.
(viii) The administration and the police bacame vulnerable to political pressures.