List the harmful effects caused by alcohol/drug abuse.
Alcohol and drugs have various adverse effects:
Alcohol and drug abuse lead to reckless and rash behaviour, depression, fatigue, aggression and violence. It has several ill effects on the body, like damage to the liver and the nervous system, loss of weight and appetite, respiratory problems, heart failure, resulting coma and death. Use of needles may lead to transmission of AIDS. Consumption of excess alcohol by any family member can have devastating effects on the family. It leads to several domestic problems such as quarrels, frustrations, insecurity, etc. The person shows rash behaviour, violence, loss of interest in social and other activities. The person becomes a menace for family and society.
(1) By practising good habits and avoiding undue peer pressure.
(2) By attaining proper education and counseling.
(3) By seeking help from the parents and teachers.
(4) By maintaining good company.
(5) By seeking medical help if required.
What is the mechanism by which the AIDS virus causes deficiency of immune system of the infected person?
In your view what motivates youngsters to take to alcohol or drugs and how can this be avoided?
There are several reasons that motivate youngsters towards alcohol or drugs. Curiosity, need for adventure and excitement, experimentation are the initial causes of motivation. Some youngsters start consuming drugs and alcohol in order to overcome negative emotions such as stress, pressure, depression, frustration etc while others do it to be in sync with the modern society or due to peer pressure. Several mediums like television, internet, newspaper, movies etc. are also responsible for promoting the idea of alcohol consumption to the younger generation.
The measures that can be taken to prevent this can be:
(a) Parents should understand their children and be supportive. They should motivate and try to increase the will power of their child.
(b) Parents should educate their children about the ill-effects of alcohol. They should provide them with proper knowledge and counselling regarding the consequences of addiction to alcohol.
(c) Children should be encouraged to devote their energy in other extra- curricular and recreational activities.
(d) Proper professional and medical help should be provided to a child if sudden symptoms of depression and frustration are observed.
Why is that once a person starts taking alcohol or drugs, it is difficult to get rid of this habit? Discuss it with your teacher.
People who start taking drugs becomes addicted with the feelings of euphoria and the temporary feeling of well-being associated with their intake. Such things leads to increased consumption and more addiction. Once addicted it is very difficult for a person to get rid of the habit. The discontinuation results in the manifestation of withdrawal syndrome. Withdrawal syndrome is characterized by anxiety, shakiness, nausea, vomiting, increased heart rate, uneasiness, all of which are relieved only on the consumption of the drug. In some cases the withdrawal symptoms may be severe and life threatening. Moreover the psychological dependence makes it very difficult for the individual to get rid of the addiction.