Write any three advantages of hydro - power.
Three advantages of hydro power are as follows :
(i) It is an inexhaustible source of energy.
(ii) It is pollution free.
(iii) It is a cheaper source of energy.
Explain the distribution of coal in India.
Coal occurs in rock sequences mainly of two geological ages, namely Gondwana and tertiary deposits.
(i) About 80 per cent of the coal deposits in India is of bituminous type and is of non-coking grade. The most important Gondwana coal fields of India are located in Damodar Valley They lie in Jharkhand-Bengal coal belt and the important coal fields in this region are Raniganj, Jharia, Bokaro, Giridih, Karanpura. Jharia is the largest coal field followed by Raniganj. The other river valleys associated with coal are Godavari, Mahanadi and Sone.
(ii) The most important coal mining centres are Singrauli in Madhya Pradesh (part of Singrauli coal field lies in Uttar Pradesh), Korba in Chhattisgarh, Talcher and Rampur in Orissa, Chanda–Wardha, Kamptee and Bander in Maharashtra and Singareni and Pandur in Andhra Pradesh.
(iii) Tertiary coals occur in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya and Nagaland. It is extracted from Darangiri, Cherrapunji, Mewlong and Langrin (Meghalaya); Makum, Jaipur and Nazira in upper Assam, Namchik – Namphuk (Arunachal Pradesh) and Kalakot (Jammu and Kashmir).
(iv) Besides, the brown coal or lignite occur in the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry, Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir
What is solar energy ? Describe the two effective processes to tap solar energy.
Explain the distribution of iron ore in India.
Define ‘Bio-energy’. State the of significance of Bio-energy.
Bio-energy refers to energy derived from biological products which includes agricultural residues, municipal, industrial and other wastes.