Cry-I endotoxins obtained from Bacillus thringiensis are effective against  from Biology Molecular Basis of Inheritance Class 12 Nagaland Board
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Cry-I endotoxins obtained from Bacillus thringiensis are effective against 

  • mosquitoes

  • flies

  • nematodes

  • boll worms


B.

flies

Insect-resistant transgenic plants contain either a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis or some other gene. The cry gene of bacillus thuringiensis produces a protein which forms crystalline inclusion in the bacterial strains. Cry-I endotoxins are effective gains Lepidoptera (eg flies). Cry- V and Cry-VI proteins are effective against are ingested by insects, they are dissolved in the alkaline juices present in the midgut lumen. The gut proteases process them hydrolytically to release the core toxic fragments. The toxic fragments are believed to bind to specific high-affinity receptors present in the brush border of midgut epithelial cells and causing their swelling and eventual lysis.

Insect-resistant transgenic plants contain either a gene from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis or some other gene. The cry gene of bacillus thuringiensis produces a protein which forms crystalline inclusion in the bacterial strains. Cry-I endotoxins are effective gains Lepidoptera (eg flies). Cry- V and Cry-VI proteins are effective against are ingested by insects, they are dissolved in the alkaline juices present in the midgut lumen. The gut proteases process them hydrolytically to release the core toxic fragments. The toxic fragments are believed to bind to specific high-affinity receptors present in the brush border of midgut epithelial cells and causing their swelling and eventual lysis.

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How many nucleotides are present in a bacteriophage ϕ x 174.

5386
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Name the genetic material for majority of organisms.

DNA (Deoxyribose nucleic acid)
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List the number of base pairs in :

(i) lambda bacteriophage

(ii) E.coli and

(iii) haploid content of human DNA.


(i) 48502 bp
(ii) 4.6 x 106 bp and
(iii) 3.3 x 109 bp.
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Comment two chains of DNA have antiparallel polarity.

The Two chain of DNA are antiparallel that is
if one chain has 5’ x 3’ polarity the other chain has 3’ x 5’ polarity.
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List the function of RNA.

Functions of RNA
RNA acts as genetic material in viruses
It also functions as an adapter and messenger 
It also acts as a catalytic molecule and catalyses various biochemical reactions.
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