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Principles of Inheritance and Variation

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Biology

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

The genotype of plant showing the dominant phenotype can be determined by 

  • test cross

  • dihybrid cross

  • pedigree analysis

  • back cross


A.

test cross

In Genetics, a test cross, first introduced by Gregor Mendel, is used to determine if an individual exhibiting a dominant trait is homozygous or heterozygous for that trait. More simply, test cross determines the genotype of an individual with a dominant phenotype. In some sources, the test cross is defined as being a type of back cross between the recessive homozygote and F1 generation

In Genetics, a test cross, first introduced by Gregor Mendel, is used to determine if an individual exhibiting a dominant trait is homozygous or heterozygous for that trait. More simply, test cross determines the genotype of an individual with a dominant phenotype. In some sources, the test cross is defined as being a type of back cross between the recessive homozygote and F1 generation

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Name the plant that shows incomplete dominance in respect of the colour of its flower.

The plany which shoes incomplete dominace in respect of the colour of its flower is -

Snapdragron ( Antirrhinum majus)

Or 

Mirabilis jalapa (Four-O- Clock plant ).
1012 Views

Mention the phenomenon of pleiotropy by giving an example.

Pleiotropy. When one gene controls more than one phenotypic character it is termed as pleiotropy.

Example : Sickle cell anaemia.

825 Views

What for symbols AA and Aa stand ?

AA : Homozygous dominant, Aa : Heterozygous dominant.
772 Views

Give one example of genetic trait for each of the following in humans : (i) Lethality (ii) Multiple allelism.

(i) Lethality : Sickle cell anaemia.

(ii) Multiple allelism : ABO blood groups.

815 Views

Name one trait that does not blend.

Sex trait .
1181 Views