﻿ In a reaction between A and B, the initial rate of reaction (r0) was measured for different initial concentrations of A and B as given below: A/mol L–1 0.20 0.20 0.40 B/mol L–1 0.30 0.10 0.05 r/mol L–1S–1 5.07 x 10–5 5.07 x 10–5 1.43 x 10–4 What is the order of the reaction with respect of A and B? from Chemistry Chemical Kinetics Class 12 Nagaland Board

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In a reaction between A and B, the initial rate of reaction (r0) was measured for different initial concentrations of A and B as given below:

 A/mol L–1 0.20 0.20 0.40 B/mol L–1 0.30 0.10 0.05 r/mol L–1S–1 5.07 x 10–5 5.07 x 10–5 1.43 x 10–4

What is the order of the reaction with respect of A and B?

In a reaction A and B, Let order of reaction w.r.t. A is x and w.r.t. B is y. Then the rate of reaction can be written as

rate = k[A]x [B]y

From given table data, 1 and 2 we can write

5.07 x 10–5 = k[10.20]x [0.30]y ...(i)
5.07 x 10–5 = k[0.20]x [0.10]y ...(ii)

Dividing (ii) by (i), we get

or

From given table data, 2 and 3 we can write

Dividing (iv) by (iii), we get

or

or                    $\mathrm{x}=0.5$

Thus the order of reaction w.r.t. A  is $\frac{1}{2}$ and w.r.t. B is zero.
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For a reaction, A + B → Product; the rate law is given by, r = k[ A]1/2 [B]2. What is the order of reaction?

The order of the reaction is sum of the powers on concentration.
So that sum will

r = k[A]
1/2[B]2

Order of reaction =

1504 Views

The conversion of molecules X to Y follows second order kinetics. If concentration of X is increased to three times how will it affect the rate of formation of Y?

Let the reaction is X →Y

This reaction follows second order kinetics.
So that, the rate equation for this reaction will
Rate, R = k[X]2 .............(1)
Let initial concentration is x mol L−1,
Plug the value in equation (1)
Rate, R1 = k .(a)2
= ka2
Given that concentration is increasing by 3 times so new concentration will 3a mol L−1
Plug the value in equation (1) we get
Rate, R2 = k (3a)2
= 9ka2
We have already get that R1 = ka2 plus this value we get
R2 = 9 R1
So that, the rate of formation will increase by 9 times.
Rate = k[A]2
If concentration of X is increased to three times,
Rate = k[3A]2
or Rate = 9 k A2
Thus, rate will increase 9 times.

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For the reaction R → P, the concentration of a reactant changes from 0.03 M to 0.02 M is 25 minutes. Calculate the average rate of reaction using units of time both in minutes and seconds.

Given that
Initial concentration, [R1] = 0.03
Final concentration, [R2] = 0.02
Time taken ∆t = 25 min = 25 × 6 0 = 1500 sec (1 min = 60 sec )
The formula of average rate of change

(i) Average rate

(ii) Average rate

1717 Views

A first order reaction has a rate constant 1.15 x 10–3 s–1. How long will 5 g of this reactant take to reduce to 3 g?

Given that
Initial quantity, [R]o= 5 g
Final quantity, [R] = 3 g
Rate constant, k = 1.15 x 10−3 s−1
Formula of 1st order reaction,
We know that
$\mathrm{t}=\frac{2.303}{\mathrm{k}}\mathrm{log}\frac{{\left[\mathrm{R}\right]}_{0}}{\left[\mathrm{R}\right]}$
or

1299 Views

In a reaction 2A → Products, the concentration of A decreases from 0.5 mol to 0.4 mol L–1 in 10 minutes. Calculate the rate during this interval.

Given that
Initial concentration [A1] =0.5
Final concentration [A2] =0.4
Time is  = 10 min

Rate of reaction = Rate of disappearance of A.

Rate of reaction = $-\frac{1}{2}\frac{∆\left[\mathrm{A}\right]}{∆\mathrm{t}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}$

2088 Views