(a)The rate i.e., dx / dt depends on the concentration of the reactant. Let dx / dt = k[A]1.
On taking log
On plotting log dx / dt versus log A is always a straight line with slope equal to 1.
(b) Example of a first order reaction.
Decomposition of nitrogen pentoxide (N2O5)
Hydrogenation of ethene is an example of first order reaction.
C2H4(g) + H2 (g) → C2H6(g)
Rate = k [C2H4]
This reaction follows second order kinetics.
So that, the rate equation for this reaction will
Rate, R = k[X]2 .............(1)
Let initial concentration is x mol L−1,
Plug the value in equation (1)
Rate, R1 = k .(a)2
Given that concentration is increasing by 3 times so new concentration will 3a mol L−1
Plug the value in equation (1) we get
Rate, R2 = k (3a)2
We have already get that R1 = ka2 plus this value we get
R2 = 9 R1
So that, the rate of formation will increase by 9 times.
Rate = k[A]2
If concentration of X is increased to three times,
Rate = k[3A]2
or Rate = 9 k A2
Thus, rate will increase 9 times.