﻿ What is the Nernst equation for the Potential of an electrode? Can Nernst equation be applied to the cell relation ? Apply this equation to a general reaction.aA+bB→cC+dD from Chemistry Electrochemistry Class 12 Nagaland Board

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What is the Nernst equation for the Potential of an electrode? Can Nernst equation be applied to the cell relation ? Apply this equation to a general reaction.
$\mathrm{aA}+\mathrm{bB}\to \mathrm{cC}+\mathrm{dD}$

The concentration of all species involved in the species involved in the electrode reaction is unity.This need not be always true.
Nernst shows that for the electrode reaction:

the electrode potential at any concentration measured with respect to standard hydrogen electrode can be represented by:

but concentration of solid M is taken as unity as we have

R is gas constant (8.314 JK–1 mol–1),
F is Faraday constant (96487 C mol–1), T is temperature in kelvin and [Mn+] is the concentration of the species, Mn

Let us take a electrode reaction
${\mathrm{Zn}}^{2+}+2{\mathrm{e}}^{-}\to \mathrm{Zn}$
The Nernst equation of this electrode

Instead of activity, we can take molar concentration.

For pure solid and liquid molar concentration is taken as unity.

Yes,  Nernst equation can be applied to the cell reaction.
$\mathrm{aA}+\mathrm{bB}\to \mathrm{cC}+\mathrm{dD}$

128 Views

Calculate the emf of the cell in which the following reaction takes place:
Ni(s) + 2Ag+ (0.002 M) $\to$ Ni2+ (0.160 M) + 2Ag(s)
Given that

$\mathrm{Ni}\left(\mathrm{s}\right)+2{\mathrm{Ag}}^{+}\left(\mathrm{aq}\right)\to {\mathrm{Ni}}^{2+}\left(\mathrm{aq}\right)+2\mathrm{As}\left(\mathrm{s}\right)$

or

The equation is also written as

or

= 1.05 V – 0.0295 x log 80

= 1.05 V – 0.0295 x 1.9031

= 1.05 V – 0.056 = 0.99 V.

1585 Views

Calculate the potential of hydrogen electrode in contact with a solution whose pH is 10.

For hydrogen electrode, ,
given that      pH = 10
use formula [H+] = 10–pH
so that  [H+] = 10−10 M
Electrode reaction will
H+  + e –  →1/2 H2
Use the formula

1279 Views

How would you determine the standard electrode potential of the system Mg2+/Mg?

Use standard hydrogen electrode as anode and Mg2+ | Mg as a cathode we can measure the standard electrodepotential of systemMg2+ | Mg. Standard hydrogen electrode, represented by Pt(s), H2(g) (1 atm) | H+ (aq) and dip the electrode of Magnesium wire in a 1M MgSO4 solution .The standard hydrogen electrode is always zero.
Use formula
Eocell = Eo right  – Eoleft
The standard hydrogen electrode is always zero.
So that the value of
Eoleft =0
Hence
Eocell = Eo Mg|Mg2+
Or
Eo Mg|Mg2+= Eocell
2203 Views

Can you store copper sulphate solutions in a Zinc pot?

No. Because zinc is more reactive than copper and thus holes will be developed in zinc pot.

Cu2+(aq) + Zn(s) → Zn2+ (aq) + Cu(s)
1384 Views

Consult the table of standard electrode potentials and suggest three substance that can oxidize ferrous ions under suitable conditions.