osmotic pressure is proportional to the molarity, C of the solution at a given temperature T. Thus:
Π = C R T
Here Π is the osmotic pressure and R is the
Π = (n2 /V) R T
Here V is volume of a solution in litres containing n2 moles of solute.
If w2 grams of solute, of molar mass, M2 is present in the solution, then n2 = w2 / M2 and we can write
Thus, knowing the quantities w2, T, Π and V we can calculate the
molar mass of the solute.
Calculate (a) molality (b) molarity and (c) mole fraction of KI if the density of 20% (mass/mass) aqueous KI is 1.202 g mL-1.
Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in solution containing 30% by mass in carbon tetrachloride.
Let the total mass of the solution be 100g and mass of benzene be 30 g
therefore mass of tetrachloride= (100-30)g = 70g
Molar mass of benzene,
Molality (m) is defined as the number of moles of the solute per kilogram (kg) of the solvent and is expressed as:
Molarity (M) is defined as number of moles of solute dissolved in one litre (or one cubic decimetre) of solution.
(a) Mol. mass of
Volume of solution = 4.3 L
(b) Number of moles present in 1000 ml of 0.5M H2SO4= 0.5 mol
therefore number of moles present in 30ml of 0.5M H2SO4=mol =0.015mol
therefore molarity =0.015/0.5L
thus molarity is 0.03M