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Chemistry I

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12
Henry’s law constant for CO2 in water is 1.67 x 108 Pa at 298 K. Calculate the quantity of CO2 in 500 mL of soda water when packed under 2.5 atm CO2 pressure at 298 K.

Solution :
given that, 
pressure of CO2=2.5atm
1 atm = 1.01325x 105 pa  so that 
pressure of CO2 = 2.5x1.01325x105pa
   = 2.533125 x 10pa
KH = 1.67 x 10pa
ACcording to henry's law  p= KH*X
or X=P/KH 
     = 2.533125 x 105/1.67x 108
     = 1.52 x 10-3

But we have 500ML odf soda water so that 
Volume of water = 500mL
Density of water =1g/ml
mass = volume x density 
500 mL of water = 500g of water
molar mass f water (H2O) = 18g mol-1
number of moles =MassMolar massNumber  of mole of water =5018  = 27.78 mol of waternow use the formula of mole fraction x= nCO2nCO2+nH2OValue of mole fraction is very small so it is negligibleas compared to 1x nCO2nH2OnCO2 = 27.78×1.52×10-3molar mass of CO2 =12+2×16=44 g mol-1use formula mass = molar mass× number of moles            = 0.042×44             =1.848g

479 Views

Calculate the molarity of each of the following solution (a) 30 g of Co(NO3)2.6H2O in 4.3 L solution (b) 30 mL of 0.5 MH2SO4 diluted to 500 mL.

solution;

Molarity (M) is defined as number of moles of solute dissolved in one litre (or one cubic decimetre) of solution.


(a) Mol. mass of Co(NO3). 6H2O

               =58.9+(14+3×16)2+6(18)=58.9+(14+48)×2+108=58.9+124+108 = 290.9

Moles of Co(NO)3.6H2O
                                       =30290.9=0.103 mol.
Volume of solution = 4.3 L
Molarity, 
          M=Moles of soluteVolume of solution in litre    = 1034.3 = 0.024 M

(b) Number of moles present in 1000 ml of 0.5M H2SO4= 0.5 mol
therefore number of moles present in 30ml of 0.5M H2SO4=0.5×301000mol =0.015mol
therefore molarity =0.015/0.5L 

thus molarity is 0.03M

                 
  

844 Views

Calculate the mass percentage of benzene (C6H6) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) if 22 g of benzene is dissolved in 122 g of carbon tetrachloride.

Mass % of benzene
                      = mass of benzenemass of solution ×100= 2222+122×100= 22144×100 = 15.28%
Mass% of carbon tetrachloride = 100 - 15.28
                          = 84.72%
1703 Views

Calculate the mass of urea (NH2CONH2) required in making 2.5 kg 0.25 of molal aqueous solution.

Solution:

Molality (m) is defined as the number of moles of the solute per kilogram (kg) of the solvent and is expressed as:

= Moles of soluteMass of solvent in kg
 
Mol. mass of urea NH2CONH2
                 = 14 + 2 + 12 + 16 + 14 + 2
                 = 60 g mol-1

Molality (m) = Moles of soluteMass of solvent in kg

25 = Moles of solute2.5

or Moles of solute
                = 0.25 x 0.25 =  0.625

  Mass of urea
                   = Moles of solute x Molar mass

                   = 0.625 x 60 = 37.5 g

1475 Views

Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in solution containing 30% by mass in carbon tetrachloride.


Let the total mass of the solution be 100g and mass of benzene be 30 g
therefore mass of tetrachloride= (100-30)g = 70g
Molar mass of benzene,



897 Views

Calculate (a) molality (b) molarity and (c) mole fraction of KI if the density of 20% (mass/mass) aqueous KI is 1.202 g mL-1.


(a) 20% (mass/mass) means that 20 g of KI is present in 80 g of water.

Therefore, Moles of KI in solution
 



moles of KI = 20/166 =0.12mol
moles of water =80/18 =4.44mol
therefore, mole fraction of KI
 
=moles of  KImoles of KI + moles of water

=0.120.12+4.44= 0.0263            
1010 Views