Heptane and Octane form an ideal solution at 373 K. The vapour pressures of the pure liquids at this temperature are 105.2 K Pa and 46.8 K Pa respectively. If the solution contains 25 g of heptane and 28.5 g of octane, calculate
(i) Vapour pressure exerted by heptane.
(ii) Vapour pressure exerted by solution.
(iii) Mole fraction of octane in the vapour phase.
Components A (Heptane, )
Components of B
No. of moles of heptane,
No. of moles of octane,
Total moles in solution,
(i) Vapour pressure exerted by heptane
where is mole fraction of component A
(ii) Vapour pressure of octane
Total vapour pressure of solution
(iii) Mole fraction of octane
Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in solution containing 30% by mass in carbon tetrachloride.
Let the total mass of the solution be 100g and mass of benzene be 30 g
therefore mass of tetrachloride= (100-30)g = 70g
Molar mass of benzene,
Molality (m) is defined as the number of moles of the solute per kilogram (kg) of the solvent and is expressed as:
Molarity (M) is defined as number of moles of solute dissolved in one litre (or one cubic decimetre) of solution.
(a) Mol. mass of
Volume of solution = 4.3 L
(b) Number of moles present in 1000 ml of 0.5M H2SO4= 0.5 mol
therefore number of moles present in 30ml of 0.5M H2SO4=mol =0.015mol
therefore molarity =0.015/0.5L
thus molarity is 0.03M
Calculate (a) molality (b) molarity and (c) mole fraction of KI if the density of 20% (mass/mass) aqueous KI is 1.202 g mL-1.