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Class 10 Class 12
Ionic solids, which have anionic vacancies due to metal excess defect, develop colour. Explain with the help of a suitale example.

When crystals of NaCl are heated in an atmosphre of sodium vapour, the sodium atoms are deposited on the surface of the crystal. The CI ions diffuse to the surface of the crystal and combine with Na atoms to give NaCl. This happens by loss electron by sodium atom to form Na+ ions. The released electrons diffuse into the crystals and occupy anionic sites. As a result the crystal now has an excess of sodium. They impart yellow colour to the crystals of NaCl.
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Why do solids have a definite volume?

A solid have a definite volume because the inter molecular distance  between its molecules are fixed.
1439 Views

Classify the following as amorphous or crystalline solids: Polyurethane, naphthalene, benzoic acid, teflon, potassium nitrate, cellophane, polyvinyl chloride, fibre glass, copper.

Amorphous solids: Polyurethane, teflon, cellophane, polyvinyal chloride, fibre glass.
Crystalline solids: naphthlene, benzoic acid, potassium nitrate, copper.
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Refractive index of a solid is observed to have the same value along all directions. Comment on the nature of this solid. Would it show clevage property?

Refractive index of a solid which have the same value along all directions are isotropic in nature. It would not show cleavage property.
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Why is glass considred a super-cooled liquid?

Glass is amorphous solids and  have a tendency to flow, though very slowly. Therefore, these are called pseudo solids or super cooled liquids .
1368 Views

Why are solids rigid?

Solids are rigid because the internuclear distance between the  molecules of a solid are very less and closely packed and their positions are fixed due to the strong forces of attraction between them.
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