Zigya Logo

Chapter Chosen

The Solid State

Book Chosen

Chemistry I

Subject Chosen

Chemistry

Book Store

Download books and chapters from book store.
Currently only available for.
CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

Previous Year Papers

Download the PDF Question Papers Free for off line practice and view the Solutions online.
Currently only available for.
Class 10 Class 12
What are paramagnetic and ferromagnetic substances. Account for the paramagnetic character of transition metal compounds. How does the paramagnetic character of the bivalent ions of the first transition metal series varies from Ti (Z = 22) to Cu (Z = 29)?

Paramagnetic substances are attracted by the magnetic field. This is due to the presence of unpaired electrons in the atoms/ions/molecules of the paramagnetic substance. Paramagnetism is a temporary effect.

Ferromagnetic substances are strongly attracted by the magnetic field. They show magnetism even when the magnetic field is removed. This is due to a spontaneous alignment of the magnetic dipole in the same direction.

Transition metal compounds contains one or more unpaired electrons. So, these compounds show para magnetism. The paramagnetism of the bivalent ions of the first transition metal series first increases in going from Ti2+ to Mn2+ (number of unpaired electrons increases) and then decreases upto Cu2+ (because the number of unpaired electrons decreases).
Transition metal compounds contains one or more unpaired electrons. So, these compounds show para magnetism. The paramagnetism of the bivalent ions of the first transition metal series first increases in going from Ti2+ to Mn2+ (number of unpaired electrons increases) and then decreases upto Cu2+ (because the number of unpaired electrons decreases).

344 Views . 6 Shares

Why are solids rigid?

Solids are rigid because the internuclear distance between the  molecules of a solid are very less and closely packed and their positions are fixed due to the strong forces of attraction between them.
2488 Views . 8 Shares

Why is glass considred a super-cooled liquid?

Glass is amorphous solids and  have a tendency to flow, though very slowly. Therefore, these are called pseudo solids or super cooled liquids .
1368 Views . 7 Shares

Why do solids have a definite volume?

A solid have a definite volume because the inter molecular distance  between its molecules are fixed.
1439 Views . 6 Shares

Classify the following as amorphous or crystalline solids: Polyurethane, naphthalene, benzoic acid, teflon, potassium nitrate, cellophane, polyvinyl chloride, fibre glass, copper.

Amorphous solids: Polyurethane, teflon, cellophane, polyvinyal chloride, fibre glass.
Crystalline solids: naphthlene, benzoic acid, potassium nitrate, copper.
1237 Views . 3 Shares

Refractive index of a solid is observed to have the same value along all directions. Comment on the nature of this solid. Would it show clevage property?

Refractive index of a solid which have the same value along all directions are isotropic in nature. It would not show cleavage property.
1055 Views . 11 Shares

1.png
curious learner
Do a good deed today
Refer a friend to Zigya