Distinguish between Face-centred and end-centred unit cells. from Chemistry The Solid State Class 12 Nagaland Board
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Class 10 Class 12
Distinguish between Face-centred and end-centred unit cells.

(ii) Face centered unit cell

End-centered unit cell

It contains one particle present at the centre of its each face, besides the ones that are at its corners.

In this unit cell, one constituent particle is present at the centre of any two opposite faces besides the ones present at its corners.

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Why are solids rigid?

Solids are rigid because the internuclear distance between the  molecules of a solid are very less and closely packed and their positions are fixed due to the strong forces of attraction between them.
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Refractive index of a solid is observed to have the same value along all directions. Comment on the nature of this solid. Would it show clevage property?

Refractive index of a solid which have the same value along all directions are isotropic in nature. It would not show cleavage property.
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Why do solids have a definite volume?

A solid have a definite volume because the inter molecular distance  between its molecules are fixed.
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Why is glass considred a super-cooled liquid?

Glass is amorphous solids and  have a tendency to flow, though very slowly. Therefore, these are called pseudo solids or super cooled liquids .
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Classify the following as amorphous or crystalline solids: Polyurethane, naphthalene, benzoic acid, teflon, potassium nitrate, cellophane, polyvinyl chloride, fibre glass, copper.

Amorphous solids: Polyurethane, teflon, cellophane, polyvinyal chloride, fibre glass.
Crystalline solids: naphthlene, benzoic acid, potassium nitrate, copper.
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