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Show that if the diagonals of a quadrilateral are equal and bisect each other at right angles, then it is a square.

Given: The diagonals AC and BD of a quadrilateral ABCD are equal and bisect each other at right angles.
To Prove: Quadrilateral ABCD is a square.
Proof: In ∆OAD and ∆OCB,
OA = OC    | Given
OD = OB    | Given
∠AOD = ∠COB
| Vertically Opposite Angles
∴ ∆OAD ≅ ∆OCB
| SAS Congruence Rule


Given: The diagonals AC and BD of a quadrilateral ABCD are equal and

∴ AD = CB    | C.P.C.T.
∠ODA = ∠OBC    | C.P.C.T.
∴ ∠BDA = ∠DBC
∴ AD || BC
Now, ∵ AD = CB and AD || CB
∴ Quadrilateral ABCD is a || gm.
In ∆AOB and ∆AOD,
AO = AO    | Common
OB = OD    | Given
∠AOB = ∠AOD
| Each = 90° (Given)
∴ ∆AOB ≅ ∆AOD
| SAS Congruence Rule
∴ AB = AD
Now, ∵ ABCD is a parallelogram and
∴ AB = AD
∴ ABCD is a rhombus.
Again, in ∆ABC and ∆BAD,
AC = BD    | Given
BC = AD
| ∵ ABCD is a rhombus
AB = BA    | Common
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆BAD
| SSS Congruence Rule
∴ ∆ABC = ∆BAD    | C.P.C.T.
AD || BC
| Opp. sides of || gm ABCD and transversal AB intersects them.
∴ ∠ABC + ∠BAD = 180°
| Sum of consecutive interior angles on the same side of a transversal is 180°
∴ ∠ABC = ∠BAD = 90°
Similarly, ∠BCD = ∠ADC = 90°
∴ ABCD is a square.

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 Show that the diagonals of a square are equal and bisect each other at right angles.

Given: ABCD is a square.
To Prove: (i) AC = BD
(ii) AC and BD bisect each other at right angles.
Proof: (i) In ∆ABC and ∆BAD,


Given: ABCD is a square.To Prove: (i) AC = BD(ii) AC and BD bisect ea

AB = BA    | Common
BC = AD    Opp. sides of square ABCD
∠ABC = ∠BAD | Each = 90°
(∵ ABCD is a square)
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆BAD
| SAS Congruence Rule
∴ AC = BD    | C.P.C.T
(ii) In ∆OAD and ∆OCB,
AD = CB
| Opp. sides of square ABCD
∠OAD = ∠OCB
| ∵    AD || BC and transversal AC intersects them
∠ODA = ∠OBC
| ∵    AD || BC and transversal BD intersects them
∴ ∆OAD ≅ ∆OCB
| ASA Congruence Rule
∴ OA = OC    ...(1)
Similarly, we can prove that
OB = OD    ...(2)
In view of (1) and (2),
AC and BD bisect each other.
Again, in ∆OBA and ∆ODA,
OB = OD | From (2) above
BA = DA
| Opp. sides of square ABCD
OA = OA    | Common
∴ ∆OBA ≅ ∆ODA
| SSS Congruence Rule
∴ ∠AOB = ∠AOD    | C.P.C.T.
But ∠AOB + ∠AOD = 180°
| Linear Pair Axiom
∴ ∠AOB = ∠AOD = 90°
∴ AC and BD bisect each other at right angles.  

923 Views

Show that if the diagonals of a quadrilateral bisect each other at right angles, then it is a rhombus.

Given: ABCD is a quadrilateral whose diagonals AC and BD intersect each other at right angles at O.
To Prove: Quadrilateral ABCD is a rhombus.


Given: ABCD is a quadrilateral whose diagonals AC and BD intersect ea

Proof: In ∆AOB and ∆AOD,
AO = AO    | Common
OB = OD    | Given
∠AOB = ∠AOD    | Each = 90°
∴ ∆AOB ≅ ∆AOD
| SSS Congruence Rule
∴ AB = AD    ...(1) | C.P.C.T.
Similarly, we can prove that
AB = BC    ...(2)
BC = CD    ...(3)
CD = AD    ...(4)
In view of (1), (2), (3) and (4), we obtain
AB = BC = CD = DA
∴ Quadrilateral ABCD is a rhombus.

 

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If the diagonals of a parallelogram are equal, then show that it is a rectangle.

Given: In parallelogram ABCD, AC = BD.
To Prove: ||gm ABCD is a rectangle.


Given: In parallelogram ABCD, AC = BD.To Prove: ||gm ABCD is a rectan

Proof: In ∆ACB and ∆BDA,
AC = BD    | Given
AB = BA    | Common
BC = AD
| Opposite sides of || gm ABCD
∴ ∆ACB ≅ ∆BDA
| SSS Congruence Rule
∴ ∠ABC = ∠BAD ...(1) C.P.C.T.
Again, ∵ AD || BC
| Opp. sides of || gm ABCD and transversal AB intersects them.
∴ ∠BAD + ∠ABC = 180°    ...(2)
| Sum of consecutive interior angles on the same side of a transversal is 180°
From (1) and (2),
∠BAD = ∠ABC = 90°
∴ ∠A = 90°
∴ || gm ABCD is a rectangle.

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The angles of a quadrilateral are in the ratio 3:5:9: 13. Find all the angles of the quadrilateral.  


Let ABCD be a quadrilateral in which
∠A : ∠B : ∠C : ∠D = 3 : 5 : 9 : 13
Sum of the ratios = 3 + 5 + 9+ 13 = 30
Also, ∠A + ∠B + ∠C + ∠D = 360°
Sum of all the angles of a quadrilateral is 360°

therefore space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space angle straight A equals 3 over 30 cross times 360 degree equals 36 degree
space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space angle straight A equals 5 over 30 cross times 360 degree equals 60 degree
space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space angle straight C equals 9 over 30 cross times 360 degree equals 108 degree
and space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space angle straight D equals 13 over 30 cross times 360 degree equals 156 degree
space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space space

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