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 Multiple Choice QuestionsMultiple Choice Questions


In gametophyte of fern

  • prothallus is independent from sporophyte

  • prothallus is attached with sporophyte

  • it is main plant body

  • a structure attached with rhizome


prothallus is independent from sporophyte

A gametophyte is the plant that produces gametes. The fern gametophyte is a small, bisexual, heart- shaped plant called a prothallus. Sporophyte is the asexual and usually diploid phase that produces spores from which the gametophyte arises. A fern gametophyte prothallus is independent from sporophyte.


The plant body of moss (Funaria) is

  • completely sporophyte

  • predominantly sporophyte with gametophyte

  • completely gametophyte

  • predominantly gametophyte with sporophyte


predominantly gametophyte with sporophyte

The gametophytic generation represents the dominant phase in the life cycle of bryophytes. The sporophyte phase is dependent on the gametophyte. This is the reason the plant body of Funaria moss is predominantly gametophytic with dependent sporophyte.


Azolla is used as a biofertilizer because it

  • multiplies very fast to produce massive biomass

  • has association of nitrogen - fixing Rhizobium

  • has association of nitrogen - fixing cyanobacteria

  • has association of mycorrhiza


has association of nitrogen - fixing cyanobacteria

Azolla is a pteridophyte and used as a biofertilizer because it has association with nitrogenfixing cyanobacteria Anabaena azollae.


The lack of fruit formation in gymnosperm is due to

  • absence of fertilization

  • lack of seeds

  • naked ovule

  • sheding of immature seed


naked ovule

In Gymnosperms, ovule lacks ovary and ovary wall that forms fruit after maturation in Angiosperms.


'Gymnosperm' have how many species?

  • 1000

  • 900

  • 640

  • 300



Gymnosperms are seed bearing vascular plants, such as cycads, ginkgo, yews and conifers in which the ovules or seeds are not enclosed in an ovary. 

About 70 Genera and 730 species of gymnosperms exist. Therefore, option 'c' is the nearest to 730 and should be considered correct.


Turpentine oil is obtained from

  • Pinus

  • Cycas

  • Cedrus

  • Delbergia



Turpentine is a fluid obtained by the distillation of resin from Pinus pinaster trees.


People recovering from long illness are often advised to include the alga Spirulina in their diet because it

  • makes the food easy to digest

  • is rich in proteins

  • has antibiotic properties

  • restores the intestinal microtlora


is rich in proteins

Spirulina is a blue-green algae. Spirulina platensis is one of the richest source of protein, containing 40-50 percent crude protein on dry weight basis which under favourable condition may reach upto 70 percent. Its protein has balanced composition containing all essential amino-acids and lysine and tryptophan being present in sufficient quantities.

It is also rich in vitamins, particularly Vit. B12 which is not common in plant products and contains considerable amounts of fats, carbohydrates and minerals. It's lipids are made up of unsaturated fatty acids that do not form cholesterol.


'Club moss' is the common name of

  • Selaginella

  • Funaria

  • Potamogeton

  • Lycopodium



Lycopodium, a pteridophyte is commonly known as 'club moss'.


Algae are useful because they

  • are large in number

  • are used in alcoholic fermentation

  • purify the atmosphere

  • are used in curdling of milk.


purify the atmosphere

Maximum solar energy is trapped by algae and hence they evolve maximum amount of oxygen by the process of photosynthesis. Therefore, algae are useful because they purify the atmosphere by releasing oxygen.


Pneumatophores (respiratory roots) are found in

  • Pistia

  • Calobranchia

  • Rhizophora

  • All of these



Pneumatophores are the aerial roots that grow vertically upwards in swampy plants like rhizophora to obtain oxygen as swampy plants are constantly submerged under water. Their main function is respiration, hence, they are also called as respiratory roots.