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Conservation Of Plants And Animals

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CBSE Gujarat Board Haryana Board

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Class 10 Class 12

What do you mean by desertification?

The conversion of fertile land into desert is called desertification. Deforestation changes the physical properties. It causes soil erosion. Removal of top layer of soil exposes the lower, hard and rock layers. This soil has less human and is less fertile. Gradually the fertile land gets converted into deserts. 

A place where animals are protected in their natural habitat is called ________________.

wildlife sanctuary

Species found only in a particular area is known as____________.

endemic species

Differentiate between the following :

Wildlife sanctuary and biosphere reserve.

Wildlife sanctuary is a place where wild animals are protected and preserved. Here poaching or capturing any animal is strictly prohibited. It mainly provides protection to the animals. 
Biosphere reserves are the protecting areas meant for only conservation of biodiversity i.e., animals and plants and even the microorganisms. It also helps to maintain the culture of that area. It contains many wildlife sanctuaries, national parks.

Differentiate between the following :

Zoo and wildlife sanctuary.

Zoos are smaller places providing protection to animals away from their natural environment. While wildlife sanctuaries protect and conserve wild animals in their natural habitats. They are spread in vast areas.

Migratory birds fly to far away places because of __________ changes.