Mathematics

CBSE Class 10

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Prove that the diagonals of a rectangle ABCD, with vertices A(2, -1), B(5, -1), C(5, 6) and D(2, 6), are equal and bisect each other.

AC^{2} = ( 5 -2 )^{2} + ( 6 + 1 )^{2}

= 9 + 49

= 58 sq.unit

BD^{2} = ( 5 - 2 )^{2} + ( -1 -6 )^{2}

= 9 + 49

= 58 sq unit

Diagonals of parallelogram are equal so rectangle.

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22.

Prove that the tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the point of contact.

23.

150 spherical marbles, each of diameter 1.4 cm, are dropped in a cylindrical vessel of diameter 7 cm containing some water, which are completely immersed in water. Find the rise in the level of water in the vessel.

24.

A container open at the top, is in the form of a frustum of a cone of height 24 cm with radii of its lower and upper circular ends, as 8 cm and 20 cm respectively. Find the cost of milk which can completely fill the container at the rate of 21 per litre.

$\left[\mathrm{Use}\mathrm{\pi}=\frac{22}{7}\right]$

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25.

The angle of elevation of the top of a tower at a distance of 120 m from a point A on the ground is 45°. If the angle of elevation of the top of a flagstaff fixed at the top of the tower, at A is 60°, then find the height of the flagstaff. [Use $\sqrt{3}=1.73$ ]

26.

A motorboat whose speed in still water is 18 km/h, takes 1 hour more to go 24 km upstream than to return downstream to the same spot. Find the speed of the stream.

27.

In a school, students decided to plant trees in and around the school to reduce air pollution. It was decided that the number of trees, that each section of each class will plant, will be double of the class in which they are studying. If there are 1to 12 classes in the school and each class has two sections, find how many trees were planted by the students. Which value is shown in this question?

28.

Solve for x:

$\frac{\mathrm{x}-3}{\mathrm{x}-4}+\frac{\mathrm{x}-5}{\mathrm{x}-6}=\frac{10}{3};\mathrm{x}\ne 4,6$

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29.

All the red face cards are removed from a pack of 52 playing cards. A card is drawn at random from the remaining cards, after reshuffling them. Find the probability that the drawn card is

(i) of red colour

(ii) a queen

(iii) an ace

(iv) a face card

30.

A(4, - 6), B(3,- 2) and C(5, 2) are the vertices of a ΔABC and AD is its median. Prove that the median AD divides ΔABC into two triangles of equal areas.

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