Subject

Social Science

Class

CBSE Class 10

Pre Boards

Practice to excel and get familiar with the paper pattern and the type of questions. Check you answers with answer keys provided.

Sample Papers

Download the PDF Sample Papers Free for off line practice and view the Solutions online.

 Multiple Choice QuestionsShort Answer Type

1.

Why has aluminium metal great importance?


Because it is a good conductor of electricity and thus is used in the electrical equipment industry.

5055 Views

2.

Suggest three steps to minimize the environmental degradation cause by the industrial development in India.


Three steps to minimise environmental degradation caused by industrial development in India are mentioned below:

i. By using the natural resources judiciously and minimum usage of electricity.

ii. By treating wastewater through primary, secondary and tertiary treatment.

iii. By planting green belts in and around industries for promoting ecological balance and holding afforestation drives.

1684 Views

3.

Why are most of the poor households deprived from the formal sector of loans?


Poor households are deprived of the formal sector of loans because they lack proper documents and collateral such as house, livestock or any other property as a guarantee to obtain a bank loan.

1493 Views

4.

“The consumer movement arose out of dissatisfaction of the consumers”. Justify the statement with arguments.


In India, the consumer movement emerged because of social reasons.


It was felt that it is necessary to protect the interests of consumers against the unfair practices of traders. Rampant food shortages, hoarding, black marketing and adulteration of food and edible oil gave birth to a growing dissatisfaction among consumers with dishonest traders. This led to a consumer movement in an organised manner during the 1960s. Consumers started voicing their concerns for better products and services.
1296 Views

5.

‘Consumption of energy in all forms has been rising all over the country. There is an urgent need to develop a sustainable path of energy development and energy saving’. Suggest and explain any three measures to solve this burning problem.


Three measures which need to be taken to develop a sustainable path of energy development and energy saving are:

i. By judiciously using and conserving energy resources.

ii. By taking measures such as switching off electricity when not in use, using car pooling and travelling by public transport.

iii. By using non-conventional means of energy such as wind energy and solar energy.

2239 Views

6.

“Rules and regulations are required for the protection of the consumers in the marketplace”. Justify the statement with arguments.


Rules and regulations are required to safeguard the interest and rights of consumers in the market and to provide them speedy redressal of their grievances. For example, a person purchases a television set from a shop and it turns out to be defective. The consumer takes the television set to the shopkeeper for repair. The shopkeeper renders sales service by charging Rs 500 as a service charge while it has been repaired within the warranty period.

Thus, rules and regulations are required to protect consumers mainly because of their helpless position and unfair business practices.

1241 Views

7.

How are the consumers exploited in the market place? Explain.


Consumers are exploited in the following ways:

i. Sale of adulterated goods, i.e. addition of inferior substances to the product being sold. Costly goods such ghee, spices and oil are adulterated to earn higher profits. This causes monetary loss to consumers and spoils their health

ii. Sale of sub-standard goods, i.e. sale of goods which do not conform to the prescribed quality standards. Selling of medicines beyond their expiry dates and supply of
defective home appliances are the general grievances of consumers.

iii. Use of false weights and measures leading to losses. The goods sold in the market are sometimes not measured correctly.

2251 Views

8.

Why do MNCs set up their offices and factories in those regions where they get cheap labour and other resources? 


Multinational companies usually set up their factories and offices for production in countries where land, labour and raw materials are available at much cheaper rates as this results in greater profits for the company.

3078 Views

9.

Suggest three steps to minimize the environmental degradation caused by the industrial development in India.


Three steps to minimise environmental degradation caused by industrial development in India:

i. By ensuring the optimum use of equipment by adopting latest techniques and upgrading existing equipment.

ii. By treating wastewater through primary, secondary and tertiary treatment.

iii. By planting green belts in and around industries for promoting ecological balance and holding afforestation drives.

2157 Views

10.

If any damage is done to a consumer by a trader, under which consumer right one can move to consumer court to get compensation.


Right to seek redressal is the consumer right.

1835 Views