Alpha Enterprises is a company manufacturing water geysers. The company has a functional structure with four main functions – Production, Marketing, Finance and Human Resource. As the demand for the product grew, the company decided to hire more employees. Identify the concept which will help the Human Resource Manager in deciding the actual number of persons required in each department.
Hina Sweets is a renowned name for quality sweets since 1935.
Harsh the owner of Hina Sweets was worried as the sales had declined during the last three months. When he enquired from the Sales Manager, the Sales Manager reported that there were some complaints about the quality of sweets. Therefore Harsh ordered for sample checking of sweets. Identify the step taken by Harsh that is related to one of the functions of management.
Meca Ltd. a reputed automobile manufacturer needs Rupees ten crores as additional capital to expand its business. Atul Jalan, the CEO of the company wanted to raise funds through equity. On the other hand the Finance Manager, Nimi Sahdev said that the public issue may be expensive on account of various mandatory and nonmandatory expenses. Therefore, it was decided to allot the securities to institutional investors. Name the method through which the company decided to raise additional capital.
Explain ‘unity of command’ and ‘equity’ as principles of general
(i) Unity of Command: this principle defines that, an employee should receive instructions or orders from only one superior or boss. In other words, he should be answerable to only one superior. This principle would be violated if a subordinate receives instruction from more than one superior, leading to chaos and ambiguity.
(ii) Equity: this principle focuses that there must be equal and fair treatment of all employees in an organisation. And that all employees are equal in the eyes of management. There must not be any discrimination on grounds such as religion, gender and caste. Force or kindliness in behaviour as required may be used equally for all employees.