Mention any four things of beauty that add joy to our life.
According to the poet, heavenly bodies like the sun and the moon, the old and young trees, daffodils growing on the grass, clear springs of water that satiates the thirst for summer are the four things of beauty that add joy to our life.
What did garbage mean to the children of Seemapuri and to their parents?
For adults rag picking was only a means of survival but for children, a lot of excitement was associated with the same for they often found unexpected things as a ten rupee note in the same. There was always a hope of coming across unexpected surprises and so garbage was wrapped in wonder for them.
On their slag heap, these children
Wear skins peeped through by bones' and spectacles of steel
With mended glass, like bottle bits on stones.
(a) Who are these children?
(b) What is their slag heap?
(c) Why are their bones peeping through their skins?
(d) What does 'with mended glass' mean.
(a) These children are the students sitting in the elementary class in the slums.
(b) The 'slag heap' refers to the bodies of these children.
(c) Their bones are peeping through their skins because these children are malnourished.
(d) 'Mended glass' means broken spectacles. This shows their poverty and inability to buy new glasses.
In what condition did Dr. Sadao find the American soldier at the seashore?
The American soldier was thrown out of the waves by the waves. He staggered a few steps till he fell on his fours. After crawling a few steps, he fell unconscious. Dr. Sadao found him wounded and unconscious. He found that the soldier had a gunshot wound on the right side of his lower back and it had reopened when the young soldier had hit against rocks. The soldier was bleeding profusely.
The manner of his (the Tiger King's) death IS a matter of extraordinary interest. Comment .
When the king was born, the astrologer made a prophecy that someday the king would be killed by the hundredth tiger while encountering it. The king made every effort to disprove the astrologer’s prophecy. To ensure, he killed a hundred tigers. Astonishingly, the prophecy can’t be indisputably disproved as the king was ultimately killed by a tiger, though neither by a real one nor by the hundredth one. The hundredth tiger, which was weak and lifeless, escaped the Maharaja’s bullet by fainting at the shock of the bullet whizzing past. It was the “tiny little wooden tiger” from the toy shop that caused the death of Tiger King. Hence, its death is a matter of great interest.
'Life is what it is all about; .... ‘How is keeping, quiet related to life?
Instructing the people to stay quiet for a moment, Pablo Neruda hints at a state of equilibrium where without any movement or activity we shall get a chance to introspect within ourselves about our views, and activities whether we are right or wrong, true or false. The poet here hints at to introspect to work for unity, peace, and universal brother hood. He advises us to have the retrospection (to look back at our past events) so that we can evaluate our actions in future.
Read the extract given below and answer the questions that follow:
And looked out at young
trees sprinting, the merry children spilling
out of their homes, but after the airport's
security check, standing a few yards
away, I looked again at her, wan,
pale as a late winter's moon and felt that
old familiar ache, … … …
(a) How can the trees sprint?
(b) Why did the poet look at her mother again?
(c) What did she observe?
(d) Identify the figure of speech used in these lines.
(a) When we look out of a moving vehicle, we see the objects moving in the opposite direction. This motion is referred to as 'sprinting' by the poetess, who when looked out of her moving car, felt as if the trees were running.
(b) The poetess looked at her mother again to reassure herself of her mother’s presence.
(c) The poetess observed that her mother looked pale and weak.
(d) The poetic device that is used in these lines is personification and simile.
Sophie lives in a world full of dreams which she does not know she cannot realise. Comment.
Sophie is a school going girl. She lives in a dreamy world which has distant relation with the harsh realities of life. She dreams of big and beautiful things beyond her reach or her means. She thinks of having a boutique. Then she entertains the idea of being an actress. She can be a fashion designer too. Here she is poles apart from her classmate and friend Jansie. Jansie is realistic and practical. She knows that both of them have been earmarked for the biscuit factory.
Sophie's romantic and dreamy disposition leads her to hero-worship. The hero of her dreams is the young Irish wonder-footballer Danny Casey. She has developed a romantic fascination for him. Even Geoff cautions her that Casey is a celebrity. Many girls like her must run after him. But she is an incurable dreamer. She thinks of him all the time. She sits for hours imagining Danny Casey coming to her. She knows that he will never come. She becomes sad but helpless. She lives with all her dreams and disappointments. They are not real. They are all the creations of her mind.
Everybody during the last lesson is filled with regret. Comment. (The Last Lesson)
Everything was unusual about the day when an order was released from Berlin instructing that only German was supposed to be taught in all schools of Alsace and Lorraine. This news caused great disappointment to M. Hamel, his students and the villagers. That day, the villagers, as well as the students, realized the importance of their national language. For the first time, they felt sorry for taking Hamel’s classes leniently.
The villagers had ignored the classes because they had been engrossed in their professional lives and in making a living Before the declaration of the order, the children and the adults had not taken the French lessons seriously because they thought they had a lot of time to learn the language. However, today during the last French lesson they realised their mistake and regretted what they had done. They felt shameful realising that they were not well versed in their own native language. Accordingly, everybody attended the last lesson with full sincerity and earnestness to pay tribute to their own language which, unfortunately, was no longer theirs.
How did Rajkumar Shukla establish that he was resolute?
Raj Kumar Shukla is described as being ‘resolute’ because he wanted that Gandhiji should reach Champaran for their welfare. He accompanied Gandhiji everywhere. When Gandhiji returned to his ashram Shukla followed him there also. He even went to Calcutta to take Gandhiji along with him.